PUBLIC SERVICE ARTICLE
SUPERSTITIONS OR “RELIGIONS” IN HUMAN HISTORY
Scientific Evidence Based Timeline/Science is Life-Giving
“Love, kindness and equality cannot exist in subjugation, servitude and bigotry.”
Joseph W. Ferrara, EdD
Yes, you and I, we each originally began with an intelligent, innocent and perceptive sense of self with an extraordinary Imax imagination and memory. This original, burgeoning sense of individualistic self felt and thought we were just fine, good enough, important and worthwhile just the way we were, but clerics with their man made-up religions came into our lives and told us we were not good enough and that we essentially were to hate ourselves and our life. These life-threatening clerics told us we were depraved, sinful, detestable and offensive, i.e., unworthy, deserving just, eternal, tormenting, torturous punishment from their almighty, invisible deity they called “God” if we did not comply with their scripted rules, rights and rituals who, in turn, required substantial, prescribed monetary “contributions” to their treasury to finance their global religious empires.
Since the grandiose, arbitrary and militant Counsel of Nicaea in 325 c.e., clerics, like psychics, both guilefully asserted publicly and privately the existence of a “supernatural world” with life-threatening, powerful creatures and boasted they themselves possess exalted “miraculous”, spiritual powers and privileges. Mystic, Connecticut resident and “psychic” was found guilty in criminal district court on Friday, October 11, 2013, and jailed of grand larceny and scheming to defraud her clients out of “more than $100,000 by pledging to solve problems she traced to previous lives”. Our societies are structured and replete with intimidating, religious threatening claims, slandering pronouncements, accusatory charges and false “promises of salvation” by aggrandizing, pretentious clerics from the current seven continents of our planet. Anytime any claims, especially threatening and intimidating claims, are ascribed by anyone about anything, our Imax imagination and memory automatically and involuntarily, phylogenetically generates meticulous paired-associative mental and auditory pictures of the claims, which are to be strongly, rationally and seriously questioned. Given all the mental pictures aggrandizing clerics have had our mystical, mythicizing imaginations to generate, it is time to wise up, stand-up, speak-up, talk back and start questioning the clerics’ hijacking of our susceptible, suggestible and mystifying I-Max imagination, memory and rational intelligence.
This scientific evidence based timeline is a partial random sampling from the 7 continents of this planet and their existing 17 major civilizations with 26 proliferating “religions” or superstitions those civilizations invented, with 47 related, fableized “god-persons” or “prophets” which were fabricated during the history of modern human beings over the past 200,000 years or 8,000 generations. All “religions” are an unfortunate, pernicious side effect of an otherwise beneficial, paired-associative, cognitive, evolutionary mechanism. Homo sapiens developed a conditioned phylogenetic, neurological-learning reflex for making paired-associative observations and they were able to make these associations very quickly. Just like us today, their electrochemical brains became a perceptive, cogitating human mind with conceptualizing, abstracting intelligence, an Imax imagination and an introjecting memory through diverse interpersonal and social sensory-channel experiences from their backgrounds.
Throughout our history this conditioned phylogenetic, associative, neurological-learning reflex was quite beneficial, for example, when our ancestors experienced an animal they had never seen before, a new group of hominids, or any unfamiliar climate phenomena. Their paired-associative observations and reasoning are two of the reasons we now dominate this planet, 7 billion strong. However, paired-associative observations and reasoning, while incredibly useful on the interpersonal “battlefield”, i.e., the social Serengeti, are spectacularly bad at explaining natural phenomena. Events like cloud formation, thunder/lightning, earthquakes, tsunamis, droughts, famines and most significantly, monoamine experiences, i.e., dreams, fantasies aggrandizing delusions and sensory-channel hallucinations, in the form of “visions” and / or “voices” induced by a myriad of desirable and / or undesirable circumstances, were both quickly but incorrectly determined to be the result of some unseen imaginary, “Almighty Deity” of a mystifying “supernatural” world.
In the absence of the axis of the scientific method with its emphatic null hypothesis, human beings immediately mystify, sentimentalize, catastrophize, personify and historicize their internal and external environments as a result of phylogenetic harmonized, paired-associative observations and reasoning. Some of our ancestors, who suffered from delusions of grandeur with episodes of hallucinatory visions, invented “supernatural” worlds of sinister “gods”, “god-persons” or “prophets”, and adversarial monsters, “demons” or satins. These superstitious beliefs evolved into customized myths, legends, designed doctrines, and tailorized practices of “religions” today. The origin, evolution, and refinement of superstitions into “divinely inspired” authoritarian “religions” with their scripted, illusionary, obsessive-compulsive rules, rights and rituals can be observed from the beginning of human civilization to the present day as this timeline demonstrates. However, our future is just a second away and what if the one and only true or “orthodox” religion with its invisible, almighty “genuine” god-person has not “appeared” or been invented yet?
CLERICS’ THREE-STEP MODUS OPERANDI
Life-threatening clerics of each superstition or “religion” propagandize “spirits” both benign and menacing exist in a fictionalized, supernatural world and their “deity” is the one and only true, living “God almighty”. They also proclaim the “doctrine of inspiration, providential care and orthodoxy” while declaring all others “secular”, the enemy and doomed to “hell” for eternal torture and torment. With these falsifying pronouncements and promises, we fellow citizens of the seven continents which make up our planet have been deceived by the following misleading formulations or doctrines of the clerics’ religious modus operandi which are contrary to cross-validating empirical facts.
The 1972 Academy award winning “Marjoe” won best documentary disclosing clerics’ fear/threat-driven methods, i.e., “I would like to do the love and faith thing but we won’t make any money unless we use the eternal punishment threat”, exemplifies this exploitive civil right.
STEP I. Slander/defamation of character and destruction of our innocent sense of self
A. Initially, delusional clerics pronounce us “depraved”/”corrupted” and offensive/detestable, i.e., we are “evil and wicked as sin”, defaming and slandering the innocent personhood of our character. This is a deliberate, malicious destruction of our original, intelligent true sense of self.
STEP II. Threat–False promise of salvation or sentencing of terrorizing punishment of eternal torturing torment
A. False promises of “salvation”: We have been manipulated and exploited by aggrandizing clerics’ claim that if we “convert” and subjugate ourselves to their obsessive-compulsive rules, rights and rituals, we will be conditionally “saved” and eternally rewarded.
B. Punishment: We have been deceived by self-righteous clerics claiming because we are “depraved, evil, wicked, offensive and detestable”, we deserve “just punishment”, i.e., eternal torment and torture.
STEP III. Extortion and Fraudulent Financing
A. Finally, hubris clerics then intimidate and extort us with coercive conversion to their threatening, obsessive-compulsive rules, rights and rituals requiring significant financial contribution to them and their religious empire which will “save our souls” from immediate execution and/or future, eternal tormenting and torturing, fiery “hell”.
Delusional clerics, with their religious modus operandi, do not acknowledge nor teach that their almighty, life-threatening “God” does not prevent but permits and allows wars, the global existence of the abject poverty, ravenous hunger, incalculable and lethal physical diseases and heartbreaking physical deformities, mental and emotional molestation, dysfunction and disabilities, and catastrophic climactic disasters with loss of human life and property. If clerics’ religions are so benign, i.e., loving, merciful, forgiving, why are there millions of people slitting their wrists, overdosing, committing sexual and domestic violence, beheading one another and warring with each other?
Given these circumstances that the one and only true “God” almighty does not take His time to prevent nor protect but allows and permits these tragedies to occur, the inescapable conclusion is their “God” is not going to go to the trouble to repair, replace nor prevent or cure these tragedies which “He” has permitted and allowed to happen. Just because delusional, life-threatening clerics and their terrified followers say it is so, does not make it so. There isn’t any supernatural world. So, as you review the following scientific timeline of superstitions/religions, reflect on the above narrated facts and the forthcoming empirical findings which can help you develop your critical-thinking skills.
We have been condemned/defamed, threatened and extorted by clerics. Their profane threats which assault and batter our personhood whirling us into a twilight dimension of our mesmerizing Imax imagination which in turn makes their accusations feel and appear authentic. Now, exiting clerics’ trance and in view of the absence of cross-validating testable evidence, what is a “god-person” of a superstition or “religion” and what are some of their traits?
A. A god-person or “prophet”, typically manic, excited/elated, affected-emotional male, often racist, is “supernaturally” defined by their delusional, imaginary idiosyncratic, i.e., exclusive, subjective, self-reported claims of “deity” and almighty.
B. Claims some type of alleged “miraculous birth” and alleged “miraculous powers”.
C. Claims to be a relative of and / or related to an “almighty deity” but having an uneventful childhood.
D. Claims to have seen or had “visions” – essentially monoamine mental images or visual and auditory hallucinations or dreams, spoken to, heard “voices”, been “called by”, had kinesthetic or tactile contact with or been “sent” by an “almighty deity”.
E. Claims “orthodoxy”, imposing extreme teachings, while defaming one’s personhood, threatening torture and secularizing others as “enemy” to the point of wars and death.
F. Peer rejection, mood swings with some kind of disappearance for a time.
G. Bizarre or unusual death.
H. Claims of after death appearances / living again.
I. False “promises of salvation” with an unpredictable “return” to impose horrifying reward of tormenting punishment or “promised” unimaginable, gratifying benefits. Life threatening God person mandates “if you don’t believe in a fiery hell, you are going to go to a fiery hell”.
J. Followers misconstrue, disagree and split over god-persons’ claims or teachings to the point of bloodshed.
PLEASE NOTE: Every “religion” claims a “supernatural” world of sadistic creatures demanding humanity to be masochistic, i.e., every sadist demands a masochist and every masochist subsequently needs a sadist…a perfectly insane relationship.
Chart No. 1 is a visual aid to make visible what clerics strive to keep invisible. As you study and assimilate the narrative of this article, follow the green color base timeline from left to right. This narrative is based on cross validated science, i.e., one scientific disciplines’ findings are checked by another scientific discipline. Archeology or geological results can be cross-validated by genealogy which uses plant and / or animal DNA to establish life formations of an era reported by archeology or geology. Kindly note the civilization or society above the timeline which produced the various “god-persons” and their refined doctrine and tailorized practice over the millennia of human history. Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Hebrew, Christian, and Islamic societies plagiarized and tailorized Paleolithic superstitions into customized “religions”. As demonstrated by this timeline, “religion” is one of the most ancient sources for both misinformation and manipulating or controlling the functioning of societies. A society’s beliefs act as inevitable direction setters for a civilization’s future… not always for the best as you will see for yourself as you study the content of this timeline.
Chart No. 2 is a visual aid which illustrates the scientific reality of human history to scale compared to clerics’ claims of a “supernatural” afterlife world.
1. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate, 200,000 BCE – African continent migrating to all other continents – Paleolithic period: This was the beginning of human civilization. It consisted of families and clans of human beings. These Homo sapiens, i.e., people, were our ancestors, real, intelligent people of equal worth, less formally educated, but not to be denied nor dismissed as “pagans”. They were hunters and gatherers. They lived without formal education in a pre-scientific, non-technological world. Lacking any type of scientific knowledge, the world was confusing, threatening, and intimidating to them. They understandably tried to explain themselves, their fantasies, dreams, and the world at large, i.e., earth, ocean, and sky, around them, idiosyncratically/introspectively, subjectively, self-reported, as best they could. They assumed that their thoughts, wishes and desires controlled events. They superstitiously invented myths and fables that personified our common human unconscious mind, vegetation, prey, weather, lightning / thunder, earthquakes, volcanoes, and most importantly, the “zodiac”, i.e., astrology. The “zodiac” was their clock, their calendar, and their “omen” or “fortune teller”. Consequently, with their imaginations our human ancestors invented the monsters, i.e., the “gods”, god-persons, and adversarial “demons” that became the first superstition or “religion”.
Thus, the oldest star chart known is a carved ivory mammoth tusk that was discovered in Germany in 1,979 CE. This artifact is 32,500 years old and has a carving that resembles the constellation Orion. A drawing on the wall of the Lascaux caves in France has a graphical representation of the Pleiades open cluster of stars. This is dated to 33,000 to 10,000 years ago. Researcher Michael A. Rappenglueck has designated that a panel in the same caves depicting a charging bison, a man with a bird’s head and the head of a bird on top of a piece of wood, together depicts the summer triangle, which at the time was a circumpolar formation. Another star chart panel, created more than 21,000 years ago, was found in the La Tête du Lion grotto. The bovine in this panel represents the constellation Taurus, with a pattern representing the Pleiades located just above it.
Our ancestors also shared our desire to understand death. Paleolithic human beings’ use of burials at sites such as Krapina, Croatia c. 130,000 BCE and Qafzeh, Israel c. 100,000 BCE have led some anthropologists and archeologists to state that Paleolithic human beings possessed a belief in an “afterlife” and a “concern for the dead that transcends daily life”. The earliest known undisputed burial of a shaman or “priest”, and by extension the earliest undisputed evidence of shamans and shamanic practices, i.e., imaginary “magic” or “miracles”, dates back to the Paleolithic era c. 30,000 BCE in what is now the Czech Republic.
Our human ancestors also developed many superstitious “rituals” as they invented proto-“religion”. Among many hunter-gatherer societies, eating the flesh, especially the brain of another is tantamount to ingesting his or her “spirit”. Homo erectus skulls unearthed from the Zhoukoudien site near Beijing suggest that cannibalism among hominids may date back as far as half a million years. Many of these skulls were broken open from the bottom in a manner similar to practices employed by more recent cannibals, demonstrating that extraction and consumption of the brain was the goal. Even more intriguing is an erectus skull found in Bodo, Ethiopia dated to around 600,000 BCE. This skull contains 25 stone-tool cut marks presumably incurred when the skin was removed. Facial skin removal would have little practical purpose and therefore indicates imaginary “supernatural” symbolic or “ritual” significance. A skull fragment with evidence of defleshing was also uncovered at the 100,000-year-old Klasies River site in South Africa. Similar finds strongly indicative of cannibalism and possible “ritual”, i.e., multiple skulls with broken bases and / or cut marks, have been documented at Neanderthal sites in Kapina, Croatia and Abri Moula in southeastern France.
Red-ochre was a major component in the “rituals” of developing proto-“religion”. Red ochre is a soft iron oxide that easily pigments other surfaces. Among hunter-gatherers, red ochre has little practical value but is used extensively in superstitious “rituals” and carries significant symbolic meaning. Some have argued that red’s symbolic importance rises to the level of a universal human archetype for such things as blood, sex, life, and death. The first indications of red ochre use date back to nearly one million years ago where its presence has been found at early Oldowan sites and South African caves. Red ochre is not uncommon at hominid sites dated between 200,000 – 100,000 years ago, and was being purposely mined and transported to them. Evidence that red pigmentation was added to artifacts to enhance their appearance and possibly their meaningfulness can be found in the form of a 100,000 year old mammoth-tooth plaque covered with red ochre unearthed in Tata, Hungary. Additionally, a red ochre cobble, carefully engraved with crosses and dated to 77,000 years ago, was found in the Blombos cave of South Africa – a find that some have referred to as the oldest piece of “art” on record. As long as there have been human beings, the human mind has been mystifying the universe in a pre-scientific attempt to understand and control it.
2. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 show 30,000 BCE – European continent – Paleolithic period – Chavet Cave: In December of 1,994 CE, in the Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave in the Ardèche department of southern France, a group of speleologists (scientists who study caves) among them Jean-Marie Chauvet, for whom it was named, discovered some of the earliest known cave paintings, as well as other evidence of Paleolithic life. It is considered one of the most significant prehistoric art sites, drawn and painted by real, intelligent human beings of equal worth. While less formally educated by today’s standards, our human ancestors are not to be denied nor dismissed as “pagans”. Just like us, they used hand tools, drew, painted, interpersonally communicated, provided for themselves, raised their children, and lived their lives, in their paired-associative social order. In the precursors of temples or “cathedrals” or “churches”, in the deepest recesses of caves, they drew and painted their contemporary lives and the images of their superstitions or proto-“religion”. Projected onto their paintings from their human paired-associative imaginations, our ancestors invented the first “supernatural” beings and adversarial tormenting “monsters” and in their shamans or “priests”, they depended on the first “saviors” of mankind.
3. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 show 10,000 BCE – Asian continent, Middle East – Paleolithic period – Gobekli Tepe: In 1,995 CE, the currently oldest known temple on earth was discovered in southeastern turkey. This temple was constructed by a hunter-gatherer society, prior to the discoveries of pottery, agriculture, and the wheel. It is constructed in a series of circular enclosures, laid out over 300 square meters. Weighing up to 14 1/2 tons each, giant T-shaped monoliths surround 2 central larger monoliths, carved into giant human-like faceless “supernatural” creatures. In each enclosure, there are very detailed stone carvings, ranging from highly realistic and easily identifiable animals, to series of abstract figures and symbols, similar in appearance to Egyptian hieroglyphics. The engineering required to build such a structure would have been developed a long time before the temple was built and erecting such a large scale “sacred” site would have required major organizational knowledge and discipline, as well as numerous skilled masons, artists, engineers, and workers.
It is thought that death rituals occurred at the site – imagery similar to that found at slightly later settlements, specifically that of headless humans, has been found at Gobekli Tepe. This reflects the burial rites of the time which were strange by modern standards – bodies were buried, later dug up, then the skulls were carefully removed by the living to be displayed alone or with other skulls in a house or communal space. Known as “Skull cults”, this superstitious behavior is associated with ancestor worship, and a ritualistic way of symbolically resurrecting an important character. The concept of bringing back a deceased person or deity, uniting people in a common cause or belief, would factor heavily into the evolution of “religion” over the following millennia across many different civilizations.
The portion of Gobekli Tepe currently being excavated dates to 10,000 BCE. However, much of Gobekli Tepe is still buried, and its oldest parts are thought to date to 13,000 BCE, just after the last ice age. Gobekli Tepe was eventually downsized and buried in several phases over thousands of years. The reason being is that miniature versions of this grand temple began to appear in local settlements. The concept of village “churches” as substitutes for one massive centralized “cathedral” became more popular and practical. Finally around 8,000 BCE, Gobekli Tepe was completely buried underneath a manmade hill.
4. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 indicate 8,000 BCE – Asian continent, Middle East – Agricultural societies: Agriculture involving the domestication of plant and animal life forms was developed 10,000 years ago, although some forms of agriculture date back even earlier to prehistoric times. After 9,500 BCE, the eight so-called founder crops of agriculture appear. First emmer and einkorn wheat appear, and then hulled barley, peas, lentils, bitter vetch, chick peas and flax. These eight crops occur simultaneously in pre-pottery Neolithic sites in the Levant, although the consensus is that wheat was the first to be grown and harvested on a significant scale. At the same time (9,400 BCE), parthenocarpic fig trees were domesticated. The simplicity associated with cutting branches off fig trees and replanting them alongside wild cereals supports this conclusion. By 8,000 BCE farming was entrenched on the banks of the Nile River. By 7,000 BCE, sowing and harvesting reached Mesopotamia, and there, in the fertile soil just north of the Persian Gulf, Sumerians systematized it and scaled it up. Our human ancestors were now farmers. These people were real, intelligent human beings of equal worth, not to be denied nor dismissed as “pagans”, but as real as we are. However, still less educated in several key areas such as written language, mathematics, and science, they invented and maintained paired-associative superstitions, mysticisms which were formulated into a “religion(s)” regarding the “zodiac” or “heavens”, agriculture, and “afterlife”. They tried as best they could with their superstitious mystifying minds, to explain their sense of self, others, their environment, the seasons, the observed “rebirth” of vegetation, their dreams, their existence, their lives and destiny. Our human ancestor’s observations of the endless cycles of “death” and “rebirth” observable in the natural world would eventually lead to the invention of the “mystery religions”. Quoting Samuel Angus, “They arose from the observation of the patent facts of recurring death and subsequent rebirth in nature, and from the attempt to see in these alternations of winter and spring, decay and generation, sunset and sunrise, a (paired-associative) symbol of life and hope…”
5. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate 6,500 BCE – Asian continent, Middle East – Mesopotamian or Sumerian civilization: Known as the “cradle of civilization”, this is the civilization in which we see the first known occurrences of things like complex government, codes of laws, and literature. Mesopotamian mathematics and science was based on a sexagesimal (base 60) numeral system. This is the source of the 60-minute hour, the 24-hour day, and the 360-degree circle. The Sumerian calendar was based on the seven-day week. Mesopotamian people invented many technologies including metal and copper-working, glass and lamp making, textile weaving, flood control, water storage, and irrigation. They were one of the first Bronze Age people in the world. However, they also inherited an invented and evolved “god who separated the domes”.
A. INVENTED, REFINED WRITTEN SUPERSTITIONS, MYTHS AND FABLES — Epic of Gilgamesh
1) Garden where man was created 2) Global flood or “deluge” 3) Written on 12 clay tablets
B. They inherited, evolved, and refined concepts of many of the invented terms common to the world’s major contemporary superstitions or “religions”.
1) “souls” 2) “underworlds” 3) “demons” 4) “resurrections”
C. Their invented dying and “resurrecting” god-persons
1) Inanna or Ishtar – fable dates to 4,000 BCE
a) The Inanna character entered their imagined “underworld” in search of her beloved or to get her sisters power over the “underworld”, depending on the version of the myth.
b) The invented Inanna had to pass through 7 gates. She allegedly claimed the throne from her sister, was sentenced to death for the crime, and was subsequently hung on a hook.
c) Before the Inanna character left, she instructed her messenger that if she didn’t return after 3 days and nights, to seek help.
d) As the fable continues, her messenger found help in the imagined “god” Enki, who had access to the food and water of life. The Enki character created 2 creatures and instructed them to carry the food and water of life to the imagined Inanna in order to allegedly “resurrect” her.
e) However, an alleged “conservation of souls” law required the imagined “resurrected” Inanna to find a replacement for herself in the invented Mesopotamian “underworld, Kur”. As the fable continues, imaginary “demons” would not allow the “resurrected” Inanna character to leave without a substitute. The imagined Inanna chose her husband the Damuzi character, who wasn’t mourning the imagined Inanna’s death to her satisfaction.
f) The Damuzi character turned into a reptile, allegedly evaded the imagined “demons” and his sister agreed to spend 6 months in their “underworld”, Kur, while the Damuzi character would spend the other 6 months there.
2) Damuzi or Tammuz – fable dates to pre 3,000 BCE
a) There were bitter laments when the imagined Damuzi died at the dry heat of summer, i.e., “Dumuzi, the wild bull, who has lain down, lives no more”. The imagined Damuzi character allegedly died and “resurrected” annually. The Babylonians would hold a six-day “funeral” for the imagined “god”.
b) Damuzi was imagined to represent the sap lying dormant in the rushes and trees during the dry season but allegedly reviving, to the profound relief and joy of the orchardman, with the river’s rise.
c) The invented Damuzi and Inanna courtship love song is very similar to and the forerunner of, the “song of songs” of Solomon and Sheba fable of Judeo-Christian mythology.
d) According to the fable, when the Dumuzi character was about to be seized by imaginary “demons”, he raised a “prayer” to Utu, their imagined sun “god” and the Inanna character’s brother. The Utu character shapeshifted the Dumuzi character into a gazelle, or reptile depending on the version of the myth, to flee from the imagined envoys of their “underworld”.
e) The imagined Dumuzi, by the Inanna character’s decree, indeed replaced the imagined Inanna, the great “goddess” of love and war, in their invented “underworld” but for six months, and returned to the imagined “Heights Above” when the Geshtinanna character, the imagined Dumuzi´s sister, allegedly “descended” for him. Only then could the invented Dumuzi return to the imagined “Heights Above” and bring back a new cycle of growth.
f) The bull of “heaven” or Dumuzi or Taurus, disappears for six weeks below the Sumerian horizon from January to March, the beginning of the Sumerian year. g) The invented Sumerian / Babylonian Dumuzi is later called Tammuz in Hebrew and Aramaic. Tammuz is the name of the 4th month of the Hebrew calendar.
h) The “church of the nativity” in Bethlehem is built over a cave that was originally a shrine to the Adonis-Tammuz character and his myth is linked with the Christian myth of the “St. George” character.
i) The invented Tammuz character is mentioned in the mythology that makes up the “tanakh” or Jewish “bible” or Christian “old testament” where his “worship” competes with and supposedly angers the “Yahweh” character, the invented, amalgamated Hebrew “god”.
6. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate 3,150 BCE – African continent, Middle East – Egyptian civilization: A unified kingdom founded in 3,150 BCE by King Menes, 2,000 years before the Hebrews or Jews appear in the established, verifiable archeological record, led to a series of dynasties that would rule Egypt for the next three millennia. Egyptian culture flourished during this long period and remained distinctively Egyptian in its superstitions or “religion”, arts, language and customs. The Egyptians were obsessed with an imagined and claimed “afterlife”. They invented a refined “zodiac” with 12 “signs”. The Egyptians inherited, evolved, and refined their invented conceptions of “sins”, “heavens”, “hells”, “eternal life”, “eternal destruction”, “confessions”, “saviors”, “trinity”, and “eucharist”, i.e., cannibalizing the god-person or “communion”. The last vestiges of Egyptian superstition or “religion” were destroyed in the 4th century CE by the Roman Empire under Roman Emperor Justinian to impose its superstition, “Christianity”.
A. INVENTED, REFINED WRITTEN SUPERSTITIONS, MYTHS AND FABLES — PYRAMID TEXTS, BOOK OF THE DEAD
1) “afterlife” 2) “judgment”, rules, “sins”, and “transgressions” , a primal flood preceding “creation”. 3) “confessions” to invented, personified “deities”, i.e., “I have not sinned”.
B. Their invented dying and “resurrecting” god-persons
1) Osiris – fable dates to pre 3,100 BCE, Egyptian pre-history
a) An imagined “god” of the earth and vegetation, the Osiris character symbolized in his death the yearly drought, and in his alleged “miraculous rebirth” the periodic flooding of the Nile and the growth of grain. Because of his imagined death and “resurrection”, the Osiris character was associated with the flooding and retreating of the Nile, and thus with the crops along the Nile valley. As the Nile receded, the Egyptians went to the shore to give gifts and show their grief over the Osiris character’s imagined death. When the Nile began to flood again, another festival honoring Osiris was held whereby small shrines were cast into the river and their invented “priests” poured sweet water in the Nile, claiming that the imagined “god” Osiris was “found” again.
b) The Osiris character was imagined as an annually dying and “resurrecting” god-king who was claimed and believed to have given Egypt civilization.
c) The oldest “religious” texts or fables refer to the Osiris character as the great “god” of the dead, and throughout these texts it is assumed that the reader will understand that the Osiris character allegedly once possessed human form and lived on earth, i.e., like the invented “Joshua” / “Jesus” character of Christian mythology.
d) The imagined Osiris character supposedly taught his people how to “worship” their imagined “gods”, and gave them laws. Thoth, another major Egyptian invented “deity”, helped the Osiris character in many ways by allegedly inventing the arts and sciences and giving names to things, i.e., like the invented “Adam” character of Hebrew mythology.
e) According to the fable, Set the invented Egyptian adversary god-person, also the Osiris character’s brother, and 72 alleged conspirators murdered the Osiris character. They then threw the coffin in which the Osiris character was allegedly murdered into the Nile, with his “divine” body still inside. The Osiris character’s imagined wife Isis magically located the Osiris character’s body, the coffin embedded in a tree trunk, which was holding up the roof of a palace in Byblos on the Phoenician coast. Upon learning that his brother’s body was found, the invented Set went to it and tore it into fourteen pieces, this is symbolic of the phases of the moon, and allegedly scattered them throughout Egypt. As the fable continues, the Isis character found every part of the invented Osiris’ body, save his phallus, which had been eaten by the now-cursed Nile fish. The Isis character replaced the phallus with an imitation of sycamore wood, and “magically” re-assembled the Osiris character using magic learned from her father, or the invented Thoth depending on the version of the myth. Isis allegedly “resurrected” the Osiris character long enough to be impregnated by him so that the Isis character could give birth to the imagined new king Horus. It was imagined that Isis gathered up all the parts of the body, less the phallus, and bandaged them together for a proper burial. Their invented “gods” were allegedly impressed by the devotion of the Isis character and “resurrected” the Osiris character as the imagined “god” of their invented “underworld”. Since it was imagined that the Horus character was born after the Osiris character’s alleged “resurrection”, the invented Horus became thought of as a representation of new beginnings and the vanquisher of the “evil” Set character.
f) The Osiris character meanwhile had allegedly become the king of the “afterlife”. The Osiris character was imagined to be willing to admit all people to the Duat, the imaginary gentle, fertile land in which the “righteous dead” lived. If they had lived a good and correct life upon earth, and had been buried with appropriate ceremonies under the protection of certain amulets, and with the proper recital of certain alleged “divine words” and words of power, it was imagined that the Osiris character would admit them to the Duat.
g) The Osiris character was imagined to be not only a merciful judge of the dead in the “afterlife”, but also the “underworld” agency that granted all life, including sprouting vegetation and the fertile flooding of the Nile River. The Osiris character was described among other titles as the “Lord of love”. The kings of Egypt were allegedly associated with the imagined Osiris in death. As the Osiris character allegedly rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit imagined “eternal life” through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with the Osiris character at death if they incurred the costs of the assimilation “rituals”.
h) The Pyramid Texts describe the Egyptians’ imaginations and claims of an “afterlife”. The deceased had to “confess” their “sins”, in a backwards fashion, i.e., “I have not ….”, and were either allegedly “saved” or “dammed”.
i) The myth of “divine” justice being exercised after death for “wrong-doing” during life is first encountered during the Old Kingdom in a 6th dynasty tomb containing fragments of what would be described later as the “negative confessions”. With the rise of the cult of Osiris during the Middle Kingdom, the “democratization of religion” offered to even his humblest followers the imagined prospect of “eternal life”, with moral fitness becoming the dominant factor in determining a person’s suitability. The Egyptians imagined at death a person faced “judgment” by a tribunal of forty-two “divine” judges. If the person led a life in conformance with the precepts of the invented “goddess” Ma’at, who represented truth and “right living”, the person was welcomed into the kingdom of Osiris. If found guilty the person was thrown to an invented “devourer” and didn’t share in alleged “eternal life”. It was imagined the person who was taken by the devourer was allegedly subject first to terrifying punishment and then annihilated. These invented depictions of punishment influenced medieval inventions of the “inferno in hell” of Christian mythology via early Christian and Coptic fictions. Alleged “divine pardon at judgment” was always a central concern for the ancient Egyptians.
j) Several festivals during the year were held in Egypt in celebration of the imagined Osiris, mourning his alleged death and celebrating his alleged “rebirth”. The fable was portrayed by skilled actors as a literary history, climaxed by the eating of “sacramental god”, the “eucharist” by which the celebrants imagined they were transformed, in their persuasion, into replicas of their god-person. Eating of the god-person is a common theme throughout the history of the evolution of superstition or “religion”.
k) Water, especially the Nile’s cold water, which was believed to have regenerative powers, was used to “baptize” the dead in a “ritual” based on the Osiris myth. The Catholic encyclopedia remarks, “How natural and expressive the symbolism of exterior washing to indicate interior purification was recognized to be, is plain from the practice also of the ‘heathen’ systems of ‘religion’. The use of lustral (‘spiritually purifying’) water is found among the Babylonians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Hindus, and others.”, i.e., “Christians”.
l) The Egyptians of every period in which they are known to us believed and claimed that the Osiris character was of “divine” origin, that he allegedly suffered death and mutilation at the hands of the powers of “evil”, that after a great struggle with these powers he rose again, that he became henceforth the king of the “underworld” and judge of the dead, and that because the Osiris character had conquered death the “righteous” also might conquer death. In the Osiris character, the Christian Egyptians found the prototype or precursor of the invented “christ” character, and in the pictures and statues of the Isis character suckling her imagined son Horus, they perceived the prototypes or precursors of the invented “virgin Mary and her child”. In one myth of the Osirian cycle, the Osiris character died on the 17th of the month of Athyr and was revivified / “resurrected” on the 19th and this compares to the Christian myth of the invented “Joshua” / “Jesus” character allegedly “rising” on the third day.
m) Marvin Mayer argues that the ancient story of dying and rising in the “divine”, human, and crops, with the Osiris character as an example, is vindicated and reaches a conclusion in Christianity. The cult of Osiris was eventually destroyed by the Christian Byzantine emperor Justinian, in one of the many examples where the Christian Catholic church destroyed evidence of other competing superstitions or “religions”. Would one need to do that if one had integrity and credibility? What other significant material and information did they destroy?
2) Horus – fable dates to pre 3,100 BCE, Egyptian pre history
a) The Horus character had a “miraculous” conception. The imagined Isis was impregnated by an allegedly “resurrected” Osiris, having a replacement penis made of wood, or clay, or gold, depending on the version of the myth.
b) As protection from the imagined Set, the Thoth character appeared to the Egyptian god-person Isis and advised her to hide herself with her unborn child, and to bring him forth in secret, and he promised her that her son should succeed in due course to his father’s throne.
c) As the fable goes, the Horus character was stung by a scorpion and died. The news of this event was conveyed to the Isis character by the imagined “gods”, who cried out to the Isis character to come to see her son Horus, whom the terrible scorpion Uhat had killed. The Isis character is understandably hysterical. The Thoth character, turning to the imagined Isis and Isis’ sister, bade them to fear not, and to have no anxiety about the Horus character, “For,” said he, “I have come from ‘heaven’ to heal the child for his mother”. The Thoth character then proceeded to utter the “great spell” which restored the Horus character to life.
d) The invented Horus character was specifically related to the king who in time came to be regarded as a manifestation of the Horus character in life and the Osiris character in death. New “incarnations” of the imagined Horus supposedly succeeded the deceased pharaoh on earth in the form of new Pharaohs.
7. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 show 2,600 BCE – Asian continent – Indian civilization: Home to the ancient Indus Valley civilization, and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, India invented four of the world’s major superstitions or “religions” —Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. (Due to its influence there, Buddhism will be outlined in section 8, the Chinese civilization). Indians invented a hereditary caste system of superiority and inferiority, with an educated invented “priest” class, or Brahmans at the top, down to the “untouchables”, or Panchamas at the bottom, each with its own beliefs and “rituals”. They invented their own “trinity”, i.e., Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, and “worship” likenesses or “idols”, they call Murti. In Hindu myth, Vishnu “descends” to earth in many manifestations, known as avatars, to fight powerful “demons” and to “save” his devotees. Indians also invented Jainism. Jainism allegedly traces its roots to a succession of 24 imagined tirathankars — “those who overcome”, or conqueror, in ancient East India. The first tirathankar is traditionally imagined to have been a giant who lived 8.4 million years ago. Parshva was imagined to be the twenty-third tirthankara, traditionally dated to 877–777 BCE. He is the earliest Jain leader claimed to be a historical figure. Imagined to be the most recent tirathankar was Mahavira, born in 599 BCE. Jains claim or believe in “souls” and “karma”, preach or claim a strict doctrine of non-violence, and killing is prohibited. Jains claim that by shedding “karmas”, through atonement, fasting, and good deeds, the imagined “soul” attains Moksa, or alleged “salvation”. Jains bathe in preparation for “prayer” to symbolically wash away ones imagined “karmas”. Finally, Sikhism is a monotheistic superstition or “religion” invented during the 15th century CE, in the Indian or Pakistani region, by “guru” Nanak Dev. “Guru” Nanak and his “panth” later built the first Sikh temple at Katarpur. “Panth” refers to Nanak Dev’s followers. However, literally “panth” means “guru’s path” or way. It refers to the alleged path to invented “salvation” obtained by using the “guru’s” advice or “guru’s” word. However, today it is a word used commonly to describe the worldwide Sikh community. A succession of nine gurus, claimed to be “reincarnations” of “guru” Nanak, led the movement during the period from “guru” Nanak’s death until 1,708 CE. At that time, the functions of the “guru” passed to the “panth” and to their imagined “holy” text, claimed to be the 11th “guru”. Their alleged “holy text”, the “shri guru granth”, was initially invented and compiled by the fifth “guru”, Shri Arjan Dev Ji. Subsequently, it was revised to include the writings or claims of the sixth to ninth “gurus”, as well as claims from different Muslim and Hindu invented “saints”. The tenth “guru”, Gobind Singh Ji assembled his claims separately into a number of books, including “dasam granth”. The Sikh also claim or believe in “samsara”, the imagined repetitive cycle of birth, life and death, “karma”, the accumulated sum of one’s “good” and “bad” deeds, and “reincarnation”, the claim of a “rebirth” following death. These claims / dogma are similar to Hinduism. Sikhs “pray” several times a day and have invented clothing and hair requirements.
A. Their invented Hindu god-persons
1) Vishnu – fable dates from the Vedic period, 1,500-500 BCE
a) The Vishnu character is a popular Hindu god-person, “venerated” as the imaginary “supreme being”, the “all-pervading essence of all beings”, “the master of—and beyond—the past, present and future”, the “one who supports, sustains and governs the universe”, and “originates and develops all elements within”. His imagined counterparts are Brahma the “creator”, and Shiva the “transformer”. The “trimurti”, in English “three forms”, is a claim in Hinduism “in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the maintainer or preserver, and Shiva the destroyer or transformer.” These three imagined deities have been called “the Hindu triad” or the “Great Trinity”.
b) In almost all Hindu denominations, Vishnu, their imagined god-person, is either “worshipped” directly or in the form of his ten imagined “avatara”, the most famous of whom are the Rama and Krishna characters.
c) The Vishnu character’s imagined role is to return to the earth in troubled times and restore the balance of “good” and “evil”. So far, Hindus claim their god-person Vishnu has been incarnated nine times, but Hindus also claim that the Vishnu character will be reincarnated one last time close to the end of this world.
d) The Vishnu character’s allegedly “eternal” or permanent abode beyond the material universe is “vaikuntha” which is claimed to be a realm of eternal bliss and happiness. It is also known as “paramdhama”, which means and is claimed to be the final or highest place for liberated imagined “souls”, where they allegedly enjoy eternal bliss and happiness.
2) Manu – fable dates from the Vedic period, 1,500-500 BCE
a) The Manu character was claimed to be the progenitor of mankind and the very first king to rule the earth.
b) According to their myths, a fish begged the Manu character to spare its life, and warned him of a coming global flood or “deluge”
c) The Manu character allegedly built a huge boat which housed his family, 9 types of seeds, and animals to repopulate the earth. The oceans and seas receded, and his boat perched on the top of the Malaya Mountains.
3) Rama – fable dates from the Vedic period, 1,500-500 BCE
a) The Rama character was claimed to be an “incarnation” of their god-person Vishnu.
b) According to their myths, the Rama character took human form to free the earth from the cruelty and imagined “sins” of the imagined adversary god-person, “demon” King Ravana.
c) The Rama character defeated the “demon” with a special weapon given to him by the “saint” Agastya character.
d) The myth concludes with the Rama character returning to their imagined “heaven” by means of a “jala samadhi” or water burial.
4) Krishna – fable dates from the Vedic period, 1,500-500 BCE
a) The Krishna character was claimed to be an “incarnation” of their god-person Vishnu.
b) The Krishna character was imagined to be the embodiment of love and “divine” joy, who destroys all pain and invented “sin”, born to establish the “religion of love”.
c) The Krishna character was raised by cowherds, as an imagined “demon” king was “prophesied” to kill him.
d) It was imagined that Krishna “miraculously” defeated many “demons”.
e) The myth concludes, after being mortally wounded, their god-person Krishna’s imagined “soul” then “ascended” to their invented “heaven”, while his mortal body was allegedly cremated.
B. Their invented Jain god men:
1) Parshva – fable dates to c. 800 BCE
a) Their god-person Parshva had many previous “incarnations”, including various kings and “gods”.
b) The Parshva character claimed he had a “divine vision” – essentially a monoamine mental image or visual hallucination that revealed 2 snakes were trapped inside logs that were being burned. According to their myths, he forcibly cut the logs and saw a pair of serpents almost burnt and nearing death. On seeing this, he recited “namokar mantra”, the most important mantra used in Jainism, to the pair, and a few vows on imagined “immortality”. As a result, after their death they became the invented “god” Dharnendra and “goddess” Padmavati in their next alleged “incarnation”.
2) Mahavira – fable dates to c. 600 BCE
a) Their god-person Mahavira had many imagined previous “incarnations” prior to his “incarnation” as a tirthankara, including a lion and several “demi-gods”.
b) According to their myths, while still in his mother’s womb, it is believed the Mahavira character brought wealth and prosperity to the entire kingdom, which is why he was named Vardhaman, literally “growthful”. An increase of all good things, like the abundant bloom of beautiful flowers, was allegedly noticed in the kingdom after his conception.
c) Jain tradition claims that after his birth, the king of the imagined “gods”, Indra, bathed the Mahavira character in celestial milk with “rituals” befitting a future tirthankara and he was returned to his mother. Then his mother had a number of auspicious dreams before giving birth to Mahavira, imagined signs foretelling the advent of a great invented “soul”.
d) The Mahavira character was allegedly tested by their adversary god-person named Samgamaka.
e) At age 30, he renounced the world and meditated for 12 years, then began preaching his doctrine or claims.
C. Their invented Sikh god-person
1) Shri Nanak Dev Ji – fable dates to 1,499 CE
a) At Sultanpur, Nanak Dev claimed to have received a “divine vision” – essentially a monoamine mental image or visual hallucination to preach “the way” to alleged “enlightenment” and his imagined “god”.
b) Nanak claimed that he had been taken to his imagined “god’s” court. He claimed there he was offered a cup filled with amrit, i.e., nectar, and given the command “This is the cup of the adoration of ‘god’s’ name. Drink it. I am with you. I bless you and raise you up. Whoever remembers you will enjoy my favor. Go, rejoice of my name and teach others to do so. I have bestowed the gift of my name upon you. Let this be your calling.” Does this sound familiar?
c) From this point onwards, Nanak is claimed in accounts as a “guru”, and Sikhism was invented.
d) Notable lore claims that as a child “guru” Nanak astonished his teacher by describing the implicit symbolism of the first letter of the alphabet, which is an almost straight stroke in Persian or Arabic, resembling the mathematical version of one, as denoting the supposed unity or oneness of his imagined “god”.
e) Other childhood claims refer to “miraculous” events about “guru” Nanak allegedly witnessed by Rai Bular such as a poisonous cobra being seen to shield the sleeping child’s head from the harsh sunlight.
f) Nanak is claimed to have miraculously restored destroyed crops to their original state.
g) Nanak invented the saying “There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim”, which has since become one of the “pillars” of Sikhism. Nanak taught or claimed a strict monotheism, the brotherhood of humanity. He rejected “idol worship”, and the Hindu concept of caste.
8. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 indicate 2,200 BCE – Asian continent, Far East – Chinese civilization: The Chinese civilization is one of the world’s oldest, and the oldest continuous major world civilization. It is currently the most populous country on the planet, and boasts the world’s fastest growing major economy. Like any civilization, China invented their own evolving “religious” fables. They imagined and invented a “zodiac” with 12 animals. Of China’s five state-sanctioned “patriotic religious associations”, i.e., Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism, Buddhism is the most widely practiced. Though it was invented in India, Buddhism has played an enormous role in shaping the mindset of the Chinese people, affecting the social structure of their aesthetics, politics, literature, philosophy and medicine. In addition to Buddhism, Taoism was invented by Laozi, who lived 4-5th century BCE, but there is much debate that he wasn’t a historical character. Laozi is traditionally regarded as the inventor of the “daodejing” or “tao te ching”, though the identity of the inventor(s) and compiler(s) of this book of dogma has been debated throughout history. It is one of the most significant myths in Chinese “cosmogony”. Taoists claim or believe in the “tao”, an alleged force of sorts that flows through all life. Their goal is to harmonize themselves with the “tao”. Finally, Confucianism was invented by Confucius. The core claim of Confucianism is “humanism”, the belief that human beings are teachable, i.e., educable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and communal endeavor, especially including self-cultivation and self-creation.
A. Their invented Buddhist god-person
1) Gautama Buddha – fable dates to c. 500 BCE
a) Gautama Buddha influenced the whole of central, east, and southeast Asia.
b) Gautama Buddha claimed or preached moderation as opposed to self-indulgence or self-mortification.
c) Gautama Buddha allegedly attained “enlightenment” sitting under a tree.
d) Gautama Buddha is claimed to have passed a “temptation”, performed “magic” or “miracles” including speaking as a new born baby, charming a wild elephant, walking on water, parting flood waters so he could walk between them, walking through walls, diving into the ground, flying, and listening to “spirits”.
B. Their invented Taoist god-person
2) Laozi – fable dates to c. 400 BCE
a) Laozi allegedly had a “miraculous” conception. Popular myths tell of his conception when his mother gazed upon a falling star, how he stayed in the womb for 62 years, and was born when his mother leaned against a plum tree.
b) Laozi was allegedly born a grown man with a full grey beard and long earlobes, which are a symbol of wisdom and long life.
c) In other versions of the fables, Laozi was “reborn” in some thirteen “incarnations”. In his last “incarnation” as Laozi, he is imagined to have lived to nine hundred and ninety years, and spent his life traveling to “reveal” the “dao”, or his book of dogma.
C. Their invented Confucian god-person
3) Confucius – fable dates to c. 500 BCE
a) Early claims say that Confucius was born into a poor but “noble” family that had fallen on hard times.
b) Sima Qian’s account includes the claim of how Confucius was born in answer to his parents’ invented “prayers” at a qiu, i.e., “sacred” hill, called Ni. Confucius’ surname Kong, which means literally an utterance of thankfulness when imagined “prayers” have been “answered”, his “tabooed” given name Qiu, and his social name Zhongni, all appear connected to the alleged “miraculous” circumstances of his birth. It is known that Confucius fasted, and that he imagined “he sacrificed to the ‘spirits’ as though the ‘spirits’ were present”
c) Though Confucianism claims to be a system of morality, and not a superstition or “religion”, Confucius imagined himself to be a “prophet” of his “god” of sorts, that his “god” had entrusted him with “wisdom”, i.e., dogma.
9. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No. 1 indicate 1,900 BCE – Asian continent, Middle East – Babylonian civilization: Babylonia was an ancient cultural region in central-southern Mesopotamia. It was created out of the territories of the former imperious Akkadian empire. The Akkadian and Sumerian subjugating customs and traditions played a major role in later Babylonian culture, and the region would remain a significant cultural center. As with any dynamic civilization, the dominating Babylonians inherited, invented, evolved, and refined mystic superstitions of the occult into tailorized, practiced “religions”.
A. Their mystic, invented, fabled god-persons
1) El – fable dates to <2,300 BCE, into the pre-history of many mid-east civilizations
a) For the Canaanites and the ancient Levantine region as a whole, the legendary El or Ll was the supreme, most high, fictitious “God”, the distinguished royal father of mankind and all creatures.
b) In the ancient texts from Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) in Syria, the fabled El character was described as the titular head of the pantheon, husband of the Asherah character and highest, utmost ruling supreme, imperial father of all the other fictitious gods.
c) El is exceedingly ancient – the word El was found at the top of a list of mythical gods as the “ancient of gods” or the “father of all gods”, in the ruins of the Royal Library of the Ebla civilization, in the archaeological site of Tell Mardikh in Syria dated to 2300 BCE.
d) Mythology surrounding the almighty El character tells how he came to the shores of the sea and saw two women who bobbed up and down. It is imagined that El’s libido was sexually aroused and took the two with him, killed a bird by throwing a staff at it and roasted it over a fire. He asked the women to tell him when the bird was fully cooked and to then address him either as husband or as father, for he would then behave to them as they called him. They saluted him as husband. He then lay with them, and they gave birth to Shachar (“Dawn”) and Shalim (“Dusk”). Again the fabled El character had sex with his wives and the wives gave birth to “the gracious gods”, “cleavers of the sea”, “children of the sea”. The names of these wives are not explicitly provided, but some confusing rubrics at the beginning of the account mention the goddess Athirat, who is otherwise El’s chief wife, and the goddess Raḥmayyu (“the one of the womb”), otherwise unknown.
KINDLY NOTE: Gendered “gods”, with fully functional penises, having to satisfy the wishes and desires of their libido’s sexual urges is not uncommon in religion. As in Greek mythology, Hebrew mythology also depicts a myriad of heavenly, divine male creatures having sexual intercourse with earthly, desirable human women, see Genesis 6:2.
e) Among the sons of the fabled El character were the fictional Hadad, Mot and the refined, “harmonized”, legendary deity of Hebrew mythology, the invented, fabricated Yahweh.
f) The El character’s relationship with his son, the fictitious Yahweh, is also mentioned in the mythology of the Hebrew Tanak in the “Deuteronomy” fable – “When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. For Yahweh’s portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance”
PLEASE NOTE: The above verse requires some cross-valid correction, however. There is a strange story behind part of this verse, the phrase “children of Israel”. The King James edition got this phrase from the “Masoretic Text”, an edition of Hebrew mythology that took shape in the early Middle Ages, more than a millennium after the Deuteronomy fable was written. Where the Masoretic Text – the earliest extant mythological Hebrew bible – got this phrase from is a mystery. The phrase is not found in either of the two much earlier versions of the verse that are now available:
* a Hebrew version in the Dead Sea Scrolls
* and a Greek version in the Septuagint, a pre-Christian translation of the fabled Hebrew bible.
Scholars who have used the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint to reconstruct the authentic, valid version of the verse say that “children of Israel” was deliberately and meticulously stuck in as a replacement for “sons of El”. With that lost phrase restored, a verse that was cryptic and made no sense suddenly makes sense: “When Elyon divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the sons of El. For Yahweh’s portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance”.
El – the fictitious, supreme, most high, fabled “God”, Elyon – divided the world’s people into ethnic groups and gave one group to each of his sons. Yahweh, one of those sons, was given the people of Jacob. At this point in Israelite history (and there is no telling how long ago this story originated), the mythical male child Yahweh character is not “God” but just a “god” and just a son of “God” – one among many.
FACTUAL NOTE: The above narrative verifiably documents and validates where the contrived “God” of the fabricated Abrahamic religions came from, i.e., who his parents were and are–the Babylonian mythical Athirat and El. They had seventy fabled gods all together including the mythical male child called Yahweh, commonly known as the legendary, dramatic “Messiah, Jesus of Nazareth, the Christ”. Reflectively, review Appendix A for a list of some of the seventy gods and Chart No. 3 below showing where “God” and “Jesus” came from.
2) Mithra (Persian) – fable dates to c. 2,000 BCE – 1,500 BCE, Persian pre-history
a) Prior to being absorbed into Zoroastrianism, the Iranians had a polytheistic superstition or “religion”, and the Mithra character was the most important of their imagined “gods”.
b) First of all, the Mithra character was imagined as the “god” of contract and mutual obligation. In a cuneiform tablet of the 15th century BCE that contains a treaty between the Hittites and the Mitanni, the Mithra character is invoked as the “god” of oath.
c) The imagined Mithra was called the mediator.
d) The Mithra character was also imagined as “god” of the sun, of the shining light that beholds everything, and, hence, was invoked in oaths.
e) The most important Mithraic ceremony was the sacrifice of the bull. Opinion is divided as to whether this ceremony was pre-Zoroastrian or not. Zoroaster denounced the sacrifice of the bull, so it’s likely that the ceremony was a part of the old Iranian claims or doctrine.
f) Persian Mithraism was eventually absorbed by the superstition or “religion” of Zoroaster.
3) Zoroaster – fable dates to c. 1,500 BCE – 1,200 BCE
a) At the age of 30, while he was at a river drawing water, Zoroaster claimed to have had a “divine vision” – essentially a monoamine mental image or visual hallucination, resulting in the invention of Zoroastrianism.
b) He began preaching or claiming that there was only one “creator god” “worthy” of “worship”, Ahura Mazda, and the “deities” of the old superstition or “religion” were “evil spirits”, workers of his adversary god-person Angra Mainyu.
c) As the fable goes Ahura Mazda warned Yima, the first man, that destruction in the form of floods or “deluge”, subsequent to the melting of the snow, was threatening the “sinful” world and gave him instructions for building a vara or “enclosure”, in which specimens of small and large cattle, humans, dogs, birds, fires, plants and foods were to be deposited in pairs.
d) Zoroaster allegedly performed magic or “miracles” having healed the sick, restored the sight of a blind man, and brought abundant rain.
e) The invented “bible”, i.e., book of dogma, of the Zoroastrian superstition or “religion”, the “avesta”, commands marriage to another Zarathushtri man or woman only, to preserve the alleged “spiritual” strength and the ethnic identity of the “Zarathushtri aryans”.
f) Zoroastrians await the coming of their “savior”, the Saoshyant character, who would allegedly be born of a virgin. They claim when the imagined Saoshyant comes, final “spiritual” battle between the forces of good and “evil” will commence, resulting in the utter destruction of “evil”.
g) According to the myth, Ristakhiz, the “resurrection of the dead” will take place, and the dead will rise, by the will of Ahura Mazda. The “final judgment” of all “souls” will commence, at the hands of Ahura Mazda, the judge or “davar”, and all “sinners” punished, then forgiven, and humanity made “immortal” and free from hunger, thirst, poverty, old age, disease and death. Such is the “frashogad”, or renovation, in which they claim the world will be made perfect once again.
10. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table #1 demonstrate 1,750 BCE – North American continent – Olmec or Mayan civilization: The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, mathematical and astronomical systems. They imagined their own invented, evolving, superstitions or “religions”. Their written history and myths, the Maya codices, of which many were in existence at the time of the Spanish conquest of Yucatán in the 16th century CE, were destroyed in bulk by the conquistadors and the self-invented “priests” and “friars” that always accompanied them. In particular, all those in Yucatán were ordered destroyed by bishop Diego de Landa in July of 1,562 CE. Alonso de Zorita wrote that in 1,540 CE he saw numerous such books in the Guatemalan highlands which “recorded their history for more than eight hundred years back, and which were interpreted for me by very ancient Indians”. Bartolomé de las Casas, a sixteenth century Spanish Dominican invented “priest”, lamented that when found, such books were destroyed, “These books were seen by our clergy, and even I saw part of those which were burned by the monks, apparently because they thought [they] might harm the Indians in matters concerning religion, since at that time they were at the beginning of their conversion.”, i.e., indoctrination. The last codices destroyed were those of Tayasal, Guatemala in 1,697 CE, the last city conquered in America. With their destruction, the opportunity for insight into key areas of Maya life has been significantly diminished.
A. Their invented god-persons
1) Itzamna / Ixchel – dating of the fables is uncertain due to the destruction of history by Christians. As with any “creator deities”, the fables likely had their origins in the pre-history of the Maya and evolved over the centuries.
a) Itzamna was the name of an invented upper “god” and creator “deity” imagined to be residing in the sky. The Itzamna character was claimed to be lord of the “heavens”, day, and night.
b) Thought by the Maya to have been the inventor of writing and books, the Itzamna character was, by extension, “creator” of the calendar and chronology. The imagined Itzamna was claimed to be a benevolent “deity”.
c) Ixchel was imagined as an angry old woman who emptied the vials of her wrath upon the earth and assisted the sky serpent in creating the flood or “deluge”.
d) The Ixchel character was imagined as the “goddess” of floods and cloudbursts, a malevolent “deity” likely to cause sudden destruction in a tropical storm.
e) The consort of the Itzamna character, imagined as “lord of the heavens”, the Ixchel character was zealously appeased and propitiated by sacrifices.
f) In her oldest form the imagined Ixchel was depicted as a clawed water “goddess”, surrounded by the symbols of death and destruction, a writhing serpent on her head, and crossbones embroidered on her skirt.
11. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 indicate 1,600 BCE – European continent – Greek civilization: Beginning with the Mycenaeans in the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, the historical setting of much ancient Greek literature and myth, including the epics of Homer, then collapsing into its own dark ages after the Dorian immigration, to its reemergence with its mighty Greek city states; it is hard to imagine a culture that has exerted more influence on modern government, superstition or “religion”, philosophy, literature, science, and mathematics, than Greece. They invented an intricate “Parthenon” of “gods” and “idols”, and Greek philosophers and invented clerics evolved the ancient mystery “religions”, tailorizing their own regional god-person mystery “religions”. They imagined and invented a “zodiac” with 12 signs, and a proliferation of heterogeneous superstitions, myths, fables, and “idols”.
A. INVENTED, REFINED WRITTEN SUPERSTITIONS, MYTHS AND FABLES — Countless Osiris / Dionysus myths, fables, plays, tragedies or “passions”.
B. Their invented dying and “resurrecting” god-persons
1) Dionysus – fable dates to 1,500 BCE, with a possible “revision” by Orpheus in the 6th century BCE, though the historicity of Orpheus is debated.
a) The festivals of Dionysus were the driving force behind the development of Greek theater. Most of the great Greek plays were initially written to be performed at the feast of the Dionysus character.
b) In earliest images, the Dionysus character is pictured as mature male, bearded and robed, holding a fennel staff tipped with a pinecone. Later images show Dionysus imagined as a beardless, sensuous, naked or half-naked androgynous youth.
c) Dionysus is most often imagined as a son of the Zeus character and the mortal Semele character or semi-”divine”, and as son of the Zeus character and the imagined Persephone or Demeter, or fully “divine” and part-chthonic – “of the underworld”.
d) According to the myth, the Hera character, the imagined Zeus’ wife, discovered that the Zeus character has had an affair with the imagined Semele, and Semele was pregnant with the Dionysus character, i.e., gods having sex with humans. The imagined Hera tricked the Semele character into demanding that the imagined Zeus appear before the Semele character in all his “godly” glory. The Zeus character did this, however mortals were allegedly unable to look upon an undisguised “god” without dying, so the Semele character did not survive (Inability to gaze upon a “deity” directly or “averting eyes” from a “deity” is common throughout the evolution of “religion”. Witness the non-lethal Hebrew variation of the invented “Moses” character veiling his face after imagined “divine” conversations). The myth continues, the imagined Zeus rescued the fetal Dionysus character by sewing him into his thigh, and the imagined Dionysus was born a few months later. In this version, the Dionysus character was born by two “mothers”, i.e., the Semele and Zeus characters, before his birth, hence the epithet dimetor, or “of two mothers”, associated with the imagined Dionysus being “twice-born”, or born again.
e) In the Cretan version of the same myth, the Dionysus character was the son of the imagined Zeus and Persephone, the queen of the Greek “underworld”. A jealous Hera character again attempted to kill the imagined child, this time by sending “titans” to rip the Dionysus character to pieces after luring the baby with toys. It was imagined that the Dionysus character was mocked by the “titans” who gave him a thyrsus, or a fennel stalk, in place of his rightful scepter. The Zeus character turned the “titans” into dust with his thunderbolts, but only after the “titans” ate everything but the heart of the Dionysus character, which was saved. The imagined Zeus used the heart to recreate the Dionysus character in his thigh, hence the imagined Dionysus was again “the twice-born”. Other versions of the myth claim that the Zeus character “recreated” the imagined Dionysus in the womb of the Semele character, or gave the Semele character the heart to eat to impregnate her.
f) The myth of the dismemberment of the Dionysus character by the “titans” is alluded to by Plato in his Phaedo, in which Socrates claims that the initiations of the Dionysian mysteries are similar to those of the philosophic path. The “rebirth” in both versions of the story is the primary reason why the Dionysus character was “worshipped” in the mystery “religions”, as his death and “rebirth” were events of mystical reverence. Initiates “worshipped” the Dionysus character in the Dionysian Mysteries, which were comparable to and linked with the Orphic Mysteries. Orpheus was claimed to have invented the Mysteries of Dionysus by revising the fable, however it is unknown if Orpheus was an actual historical figure. Dionysus was imagined as a minor “deity” in the Olympian pantheon, and was adapted as the “god-person” of the mysteries. The mystery “religions” evolved into what was later called Gnosticism. The Dionysus character was another imagined “god” of “resurrection” who was strongly linked to the bull, the serpent, ivy, and wine. The cult of Dionysus was also closely associated with trees, specifically the fig tree, and some of his bynames exhibit this, such as Endendros, “he in the tree” or Dendrites, “he of the tree”.
g) The Dionysian Mysteries are believed to have consisted of two sets of rites, the secret rites of initiation, and the public rites, or Dionysia. The public rites are believed to be the older of the two. In Athens and classical Attica, the main festivities were held in the month of Elaphebolion, around the time of the spring equinox. The greater, or city, Dionysia had evolved into a dramatic festival. The Dionysus character was imagined as the “god” of acting, music and poetry for the Athenians, and the festival became an urban carnival. Its older precursor was the lesser Dionysia, which preserved ancient customs centered on celebrating the first wine. This festival was timed to coincide with the “clearing of the wine”, a final stage in the fermentation process, which occurred during the first cold snap after the winter solstice when the Dionysus character was imagined to be “reborn”. This was later formalized to January 6, a day on which the Dionysus character allegedly changed water into wine. The symbolism of wine was of great importance in the mythology surrounding both the Dionysus character and the mythology of the invented “Jesus christ” character. The use of wine symbolism in the “gospel of John” fable, including the myth of the marriage at Cana at which the invented “Jesus” character allegedly turned water into wine, was intended to show the invented “Jesus” character as “superior” to the invented Dionysus character and alleged power over time. The Dionysus character’s temple supposedly spewed wine instead of water, and empty jars at his temple, the Thyia, would the next day have wine in them at his annual festival.
h) The Dionysian superstition or “religion” had celebration by a “ritual” meal of bread and wine.
i) According to the myth, the Dionysus character “descended” to “Hades” to rescue his mother, the imagined Semele.
j) The Dionysus character is identical with the Bacchus character of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
2) Persephone or Kore – fable dates c. 1,500 BCE to 1,200 BCE
a) The invented Persephone character, also called Kore, was the imagined daughter of the Zeus character and the invented harvest “goddess” Demeter, and queen of the Greek “underworld”.
b) According to the myth, the Persephone character was abducted or raped from her mother by “Hades”, the imagined “god-king” of the Greek “underworld”, also called “Hades”. The myth of her abduction represents her function as the personification of vegetation which shoots forth in spring and withdraws into the earth after harvest. Hence, Persephone was also imagined to be associated with spring and with the seeds of the fruits of the fields.
c) The characters Persephone or Kore as a vegetation “goddess”, and her mother Demeter were the central figures of the Eleusinian mysteries that predated the Olympian pantheon. Persephone was commonly “worshipped” along with Demeter, and with the same mysteries.
d) In the Eleusinian mysteries Persephone’s imagined return is the symbol of alleged “immortality” and hence the Persephone character was frequently represented on sarcophagi. Among the imagined Persephone’s many epithets was Kore Soteira, or “the savior maiden”.
e) According to the myth, the Persephone character received the imagined “souls” of the dead into the earth, and acquired alleged powers on the fertility of the soil under which she reigned. In the Homeric poems, the Persephone character is the real ruler of their imagined “underworld”, imagined as the terrible “queen of the shades”, and the “Hades” character doesn’t have authority on the imagined “souls” of the dead.
f) In the near eastern myth of the primitive agricultural societies, every year the imagined fertility “goddess” bore the alleged “god of the new year”, who then became her lover, and died immediately in order to be “reborn” and face the same destiny. Similar cults of imagined “resurrected gods” appear in the cults of Attis, Adonis, and Osiris. In Minoan Crete, for example, the invented “divine child” was related with the female vegetation “divinity” Ariadne character who died every year.
g) According to the myth, the Zeus character, advised the imagined Pluto or “Hades” who was in love with the beautiful Persephone character, to carry the imagined Persephone off, as her mother the Demeter character was not likely to allow her daughter to go down to the imagined “Hades”. The “Hades” or Pluto character came to abduct the Persephone character, bursting through a cleft in the earth. The Demeter character, when she found her daughter had disappeared, searched for the imagined Persephone all over the earth with torches. In most versions, the Demeter character forbids the earth to produce, or she neglects the earth and in the depth of her despair she causes nothing to grow. Helios, the sun, who sees everything, eventually told the Demeter character what had happened at length, and the imagined Demeter discovered the place of the Persephone character’s abode. Finally, the Zeus character pressed by the cries of the hungry people and by the other imagined “deities” who also heard the people’s anguish, forced the “Hades” character to return the Persephone character. The imagined “Hades” indeed complied with the request, but first he tricked the Persephone character, giving her a kernel of a pomegranate to eat. The Persephone character ate four seeds, which correspond to the dry summer months in Greece. It was an imagined rule of the “Fates” that whoever consumed food or drink in their imagined “underworld” was doomed to spend eternity there. The Persephone character was released by the imagined Hermes, who had been sent to retrieve her, but the Persephone character was obliged to spend four months of the year in the Greek “underworld” and the remaining two thirds with the imagined “gods” above. The various local traditions place the Persephone character’s abduction in a different location. The Sicilians, among whom the imagined Persephone’s “worship” was introduced by the Corinthian and Megarian colonists, believed that the imagined “Hades” found the Persephone character in the meadows near Enna, and that a well arose on the spot where the imagined “Hades” “descended” with the Persephone character into their imagined “underworld”. The Cretans thought that their own island had been the scene of the imagined rape. In some versions of the myth, the Ascalaphus character informed the other imagined “deities” that the Persephone character had eaten the pomegranate seeds. When the Demeter character and her daughter the Persephone character were reunited, the earth flourished with vegetation and color, but for some months each year, when the Persephone character returned to the imagined Greek “underworld”, the earth once again became a barren realm. This is an origin myth to explain the seasons.
h) The Greek version of the abduction myth is related with corn which was the most important and rare in the Greek environment, and the imagined return or “ascent” of the Persephone character was celebrated at the autumn sowing. The Pluto character represents the wealth of the corn that was stored in underground silos or ceramic jars, during summer months. According to the myth, during summer months, the imagined Greek Corn-Maiden, i.e., Kore is lying in the corn of the underground silos, in the realm of the imagined “Hades” and the Kore character is fused with the Persephone character, the queen of the Greek “underworld”. At the beginning of the autumn, when the seeds of the old crop are laid on the fields, the Kore character “ascends” and is reunited with her imagined mother Demeter, for at that time the old crop and the new meet each other. For the initiated, this imagined union of the Kore and Demeter characters was the symbol of the “eternity” of human life that flows from the generations which spring from each other.
i) Thesmophoria was a festival of secret women-only “rituals” connected with marriage customs and commemorated the third of the year when the Demeter character abstained from her imagined role as “goddess” of harvest and growth. The ceremony involved sinking “sacrifices” into the earth by night and retrieving the decaying remains of pigs that had been placed in the natural clefts in rock, of the previous year. These were placed on “altars”, mixed with seeds, and then planted. The festival was celebrated in three days. The first was the imagined “way up” to the “sacred space”, a second the day of feasting when they ate pomegranate seeds, and the third was a meat feast in celebration of Kalligeneia, an imagined “goddess” of beautiful birth. The Eleusinian mysteries was a festival celebrated at the autumn sowing in the city Eleusis. The myth was represented in a cycle with three phases. The “descent”, “search”, and “ascent”, with contrasted emotions from sorrow to joy, roused the mystae to “exultation”. The main theme of the myth was the ascent of the Persephone character and reunion with her imagined mother Demeter. The festival activities included dancing across the Rharian field, where according to the myth, the first corn grew. At the beginning of the festival, the invented “priests” filled two special vessels and poured out, one towards the west, the other towards the east. The people looking both to the sky and the earth shouted in a magical rhyme “rain and conceive”.
3) Attis – fable dates to c. 1,200 BCE
a) The Attis character was fundamentally an imagined vegetation ”god”, and in his alleged self-mutilation, death, and “resurrection” he represents the fruits of the earth, which die in winter only to rise again in the spring.
b) The imagined Attis character was the consort of the Cybele character in Phrygian and Greek mythology. His invented “priests” were eunuchs, as explained by origin myths pertaining to the Attis character and castration. In the myth, the Pausanias character was told that the imagined “daemon” Agdistis initially bore both male and female attributes. But the imagined Olympian “gods”, fearing the Agdistis character, cut off the male organ and cast it away. There grew up from it an almond-tree.
c) The Attis character had a “miraculous” conception: According to the myth, when its fruit was ripe, the imagined Nana, a daughter of the invented “river-god” Sangarius picked an almond and laid it in her bosom. The almond disappeared, and the Nana character became pregnant.
d) As the myth continues, the Nana character later abandoned the imagined baby Attis. The imagined infant was tended by a he-goat. As the Attis character grew, his long-haired beauty was “godlike”, and the Agdistis character as Cybele, then fell in love with the imagined Attis. However, the imagined foster parents of the Attis character sent him to Pessinos, where he was to wed the king’s daughter. According to some versions of the myth, the King of Pessinos was the Midas character. Just as the marriage-song was being sung, the Agdistis or Cybele character appeared in her transcendent power, and the Attis character went mad and castrated himself. The imagined Attis’ father-in-law-to-be, the king who was giving his daughter in marriage, followed suit, prefiguring the self-castrating corybantes who devoted themselves to the Cybele character. As the myth closes, the imagined earthly Cybele was full of “repentance”. She “prayed” to the Zeus character to “resurrect” the imagined Attis and make him eternally youthful and “immortal”, and the Zeus character either, depending on the version of the myth, allegedly “resurrected” the Attis character and together with the Cybele-Agdistis character they “ascended” into the celestial world, or, the imagined Zeus preserved the body of the Attis character so it should never rot or decay.
e) In the mysteries of Attis, members celebrated a “ritual” meal, sacrificed a bull, danced, attached a figure of the Attis character to a felled pine tree, and performed other rites which stressed the alleged suffering, death, and rising of the invented “god”. The myth of Attis was rehearsed in a passion-play. The “sacred” pine tree under which the imagined Attis had mutilated himself was cut down. The tree then, prepared like a corpse, was carried into the sanctuary, accompanied by a statue of the imagined “god” and other “symbols”. Then followed the lamentation of the Attis character, with an appropriate period of abstinence. On the “day of blood”, the tree was buried, while the mystae in frenzied dances gashed themselves with knives to prove their participation in the sorrows of the imagined “god” that they might have fellowship in “his” joy. The next night, the imagined “resurrection of Attis” was celebrated by the opening of the grave. In the darkness of the night, a light was brought to the open grave, while the presiding invented “priest” “anointed” the lips of the initiates with “holy” oil, comforting them with the words, “Be of good cheer, ye mystae of the ‘god’ who has been ‘saved’. To you likewise there shall come salvation from your trouble.” The initiates then gave vent to their emotions in a wild, monomine carnival. They made their “confession” that by eating out of the drum, and drinking out of the cymbal, they had been rendered communicants of the imagined Attis, i.e., “communion”.
4) Adonis – fable dates to 600 BCE
a) The Adonis character was a central cult figure in various mystery “religions”. “Adonis” is a variation of the Semitic word Adonai, or “lord(s)”, which is also one of the words amalgamated, “standardized”, to their “deity” by the inventors of the Hebrew “tanakh” or Christian “old testament”.
b) Syrian Adonis is an invented “deity” of “rebirth” and vegetation.
c) According to the myth, the Adonis character was killed by a wild boar. The imagined Adonis died in the Aphrodite character’s arms, who came to him when she heard his groans. In the aftermath, the imagined Aphrodite mourned feverishly, pleading to the Zeus character for the re-newed life of her lover. The Zeus character was swayed by the imagined Aphrodite’s pleas, and allegedly “resurrected” the Adonis character, allowing him to spend half of each year with her and the other half in the imagined Greek “underworld”. Thus, the imagined Adonis is tied to the idea of death and “resurrection”, which parallels the decay of the summer as winter approaches, and its eventual revival in the spring.
d) The imagined Adonis’ cult belonged to women. The cult of dying Adonis was fully-developed in the circle of young girls around the poet Sappho from the island of Lesbos, about 600 BCE, as revealed in a fragment of Sappho’s surviving poetry. Adonis was imagined as an annually-renewed, ever-youthful vegetation “god”, a life-death-”rebirth” deity whose nature is tied to the calendar. Adonis’ mysteries celebrated his alleged death and “resurrection”.
5) Orpheus – fable dates to c. 500 BCE
a) It has been debated for thousands of years whether some kind of proto-Orpheus was a historical person or not. Regardless, endless myths and fables have been attached to the character that came to be known as Orpheus. The Orpheus character was claimed to be a legendary musician, poet, and “prophet” in ancient Greek superstition or “religion”. The major fables about the Orpheus character are centered on his alleged ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music and his attempt to retrieve his wife from the invented “tartarus” or “hell”. The Orpheus character dies at the hands of those who could not hear his “divine” music.
b) To the Greeks, the Orpheus character was the inventor and “prophet” of the Orphic mysteries. The Orpheus character was one of the handful of legendary Greek god-persons to allegedly visit the Greek “underworld” and return. The Orpheus character’s music and song even had power over the imagined “Hades”. The most famous myth in which the Orpheus character figures is that of his imagined wife Eurydice, also known as Agriope. According to the myth, while walking among her people, the Cicones, in tall grass at her wedding, the Eurydice character was set upon by a satyr. In her efforts to escape the satyr, the imagined Eurydice fell into a nest of vipers and she allegedly suffered a fatal bite on her heel. The Eurydice character was discovered by the Orpheus character who, overcome with grief, played such sad and mournful songs that all the imagined nymphs and “gods” wept. On the advice of the imagined nymphs and “gods”, the Orpheus character traveled to the invented “tartarus” or “hell” and by his music softened the hearts of the invented “Hades” and Persephone. The Orpheus character was the only god-person ever to do so. The “Hades” and Persephone characters agreed to allow the imagined Eurydice to return with the Orpheus character to earth on one condition. The Orpheus character should walk in front of the Eurydice character and not look back until they both had reached the upper world. The imagined Orpheus set off with the Eurydice character following, and, in his anxiety, as soon as he reached the upper world, the Orpheus character turned to look at the Eurydice character, forgetting that both needed to be in the upper world. The imagined Eurydice vanished for the second time, but now forever.
c) The myth theme of not looking back, an essential precaution in the fable of Jason’s raising of chthonic Brimo Hekate under Medea’s guidance, is reflected in Hebrew mythology, in the fable of Lot’s wife when escaping from “Sodom”. The warning of not looking back is also found in the Grimms’ folk tale “Hansel and Gretel”. More directly, the myth of the Orpheus character is similar to the ancient Greek fables of the imagined Persephone captured by the “Hades” character and similar myths of the Adonis character captive in the imagined Greek “underworld”. However, the developed form of the Orpheus myth was entwined with the Orphic mystery cults and later in Rome with the development of Mithraism and the cult of Sol Invictus.
d) According to the Orpheus character’s invented claims, humankind was created from the ashes of the titans who devoured the imagined Dionysus. Therefore, the physical bodies of humans are formed from the imagined “evil” of the titans, but they also contain within them a tiny particle of the “divine” essence. Within this duality a constant war rages, so it is the duty of each human to repress the titanic element and allow the Dionysian an opportunity to assert and express itself. The final release of the “divine” essence within or the “redemption” of the invented “soul” is the utmost goal of the Orphic superstition. This was allegedly obtained by the superstitious “soul” reincarnating in a number of physical bodies in different life experiences. The invented Orphic claims introduce the aspect of the alleged “soul” being gradually purged or purified through the sufferings incurred during each imagined physical “rebirth”. As the imagined “soul” inhabits the body, it is allegedly really doing imagined “penance” for previous “incarnations”, a process which gradually “purifies” the invented “soul”. According to Orphic claims, the only way out of the “wheel of birth” or “great circle of necessity” was through an act of alleged “divine” grace that could possibly be obtained by the “supplicant” becoming immersed in the writing, “ritual” acts, and claims of the Orpheus character, and receiving initiation into the mysteries of the cult. Records indicate that a horned bull was sacrificed and the initiates partook of a “sacramental” feast of its raw flesh as an imagined “holy” act that brought them in communion and thus closer union with their invented “god”. Once this had been accomplished, the initiates were given invented secret formulas which would allegedly enable them to avoid the snares awaiting the unwary imagined “soul” as it allegedly “descended” to the invented “Hades”, and would ensure them a blissful stay while they awaited a sign that their participation in the “great circle of necessity” had ended.
e) Orphism claimed its own standard of “ethical” and “moral” conduct. Initiates allegedly “purified” themselves and adopted ascetic practices, i.e., abstinence from eating animal flesh. Having once partaken of the invented “sacrament” of raw flesh, the Orphic “fasted” forever thereafter from animal food. These practices were allegedly for the purpose of purging imagined “evil” and cultivating the Dionysian side of the human character.
12. Timeline verifiable facts and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate 1,200 BCE – Asian continent, Middle East – “Hebrew” evolutionary civilization: The Hebrews were an argumentative, oppositional and resistive tribal group with doubtful origins, possibly tracing their lineage to a group known as the Hyksos, expelled from Egypt circa 1,500 BCE, “with extreme prejudice”, all the way to Canaan. Recent decades of archeological research, including painstaking excavation of various cities supposedly conquered by the Israelites, have failed to turn up the hallmarks of violent conquest. There is not even much evidence of a slower, more peaceful influx of desert wanderers, a gradual displacement of Canaanites by Israelites. In fact, it looks more and more as if the Israelites were Canaanites. Biblical archaeologists disagree about a lot, but, as one of them, William G. Dever, has observed, there is now consensus on one thing: The Israelites who first settled in the highland of Canaan “were not foreign invaders, but came mostly from somewhere within Canaanite society.” Regardless of their debatable origin, the Hebrews become discernible in both the established historical and archeological record for the first time circa 1,200 BCE. Two hundred thousand (200,000) years after the beginning of human civilization, the Hebrews claimed a militarized, male, faceless “god”, they invented in their own image, idiosyncratically and exclusively “appeared” to only a “chosen” or “select”, i.e., “superior” few of their race, within their society, and their human drawn border of the Asian continent, Middle East. Their invented Jewish, male, tribal deity then allegedly guided the Hebrews out of “slavery” in Egypt, to wander the desert for 40 years, eventually to enter a fictionalized “promised” land. None of this is supported by both the established historical and archeological record. The established historical and archeological record demonstrate that the Hebrews were never slaves in Egypt, there were no mythicized “plagues”, nor any “miraculous exodus” from Egypt governed by an unnamed pharaoh, no wandering of any type took place, and they invented their whole mythology and it’s superstitions to glamourize and flatter their origins, then propagandized it as imagined “divine history”. They invented the nation “Israel” and contrived their own evolving, fictional militarized deity myths. Following their writing in the early 1st millennia BCE, several revisions of the invented Hebrew myths amalgamated the deities El, Elohim (plural), and El Shaddai (El of the mountain), into Yahweh, originally just one of the 70 sons of El in the Canaanite pantheon. The Hebrews perpetually invented, inherited, evolved, and refined their own formulated and literalized conceptions of “sins” or “transgressions”, reward(s) or “heaven(s)”, and punishments or “underworlds” or “shoel(s)” or “hell(s)” plagiarizing from pre-existing Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Babylonian, and Greek superstitions. Judaism was the invention of a tribal, racial-purity superstition or “religion”. Instead of a non-militarized, genderless, timeless, communication, with a universal origin and language, the Hebrews claimed to be “righteous” and “chosen”, while others were “godless” and “gentiles”. They claimed to be “orthodox”, declaring all others of civilizations “secular”, demonstrating their delusions of grandiosity and superiority. Judaism is a restrictive and exclusionary doctrine or dogma, with an alleged “superior race”, a tribal superstition or “religion”. For the first time in the history of human civilization on a significant scale, a superstition or “religion” was literalized, politicized, then militarized, and imposed into an exclusive national and global superstition or “religion”. Judaism was and is fanatically, socially and militarily intolerant of other competing superstitions or “religions”, claiming “orthodoxy” and proclaiming others “secular”.
A. INVENTED, REFINED WRITTEN SUPERSTITIONS, MYTHS AND FABLES — The “tanakh” or Jewish “bible” or Christian “old testament”, i.e., Hebrew mythology:
1) Garden “where man was created”
2) Global flood or “deluge”
3) Claims of “bushes that burn” but don’t, “talking snakes”, “talking donkeys”, “angles having sex with humans” and an evolved version of castration called “circumcision”.
B. Their invented god-persons
1) Abraham – Fable dates to 1,000 BCE
a) The Abraham character is considered to be the great “patriarch” god-man of the Hebrew tribe. The Abraham character is also considered a god-man figure by Christians and Muslims. As with any legendary personification from Hebrew mythology, there is no verifiable evidence for the existence of the imagined Abraham character.
b) The fables of the Hebrew tanakh demonstrate that the imagined Abraham character is an invention. According to the “chronology” in the Hebrew bible, the Abraham character moved to Canaan about 2,100 BCE. However this is impossible as the imagined “Abraham” is claimed to have come from the “Chaldean city of Ur” that did not exist until after 1,000 BCE. Prior to this date, there were no “Chaldeans”. The “genesis” fable claims the Abraham character’s son, the imagined Isaac sought help from the Abimelech character, the king of the philistines. However, the philistines were not a presence in the area until after 1,200 BCE. Also, although the camel is mentioned frequently in the stories of Abraham as well as other Hebrew god-men “patriarchs”, the domestication of the camel did not occur until 1,000 BCE. The camel caravan mentioned frequently in the Hebrew tanakh, with its cargo of “gum, balm, and myrrh”, did not become widespread until the eighth century BCE.
c) It is fortunate that this individual is fictional. If the invented Abraham is even loosely based on a person, this character was a schizophrenic shepherd from Mesopotamia who almost murdered his son because he heard monoamine hallucinatory voices telling him to do so. According to the fable, an emotionless Abraham first lied to his son claiming that they would both offer a “sacrifice” to his imagined blood-thirsty, paranoid “deity”, led him to an “altar” where he tied his son up so he could not flee from the insane act, then proceeded to surreptitiously draw a knife with the intention of mutilating the child to death. Psychological reality demonstrates that “Isaac” would have been traumatized by the near “sacrifice” experience, leading to a completely dysfunctional self-esteem and life, most likely committing suicide at a young age.
2) Moses – fable dates to c. 800 BCE – 700 BCE
a) There is no empirical evidence for the existence of the invented “Moses” character whatsoever. The “Moses” fable dates in some form or another to 800-700 BCE. Although the “Moses” character is portrayed as an influential member of the Egyptian royal household, the imagined “Moses” is not mentioned in any Egyptian record, nor is there any established verifiable evidence to support the myth that the Jews were ever held captive in Egypt or that they made a “miraculous exodus” from the country under the command of the “Moses” character. The Egyptians chronicled their history in meticulous detail but make no mention of any captive Jews. Amongst the hundreds of thousands of Egyptian monumental inscriptions, tomb inscriptions, and papyri, there is complete silence about the alleged “600,000 men on foot besides women and children” who the “book of exodus” fable claims escaped from an anonymous Pharaoh’s armies. The story of the invented “Moses” character, with its many claimed “miracles” has all the hallmarks of a myth. The fable of the birth of the “Moses” character is a retelling and tailorization of the myth of the birth of Sargon the Great, king of Akkad, which is known in a number of variations, from the early sixth century BCE. Like the imagined “Moses”, the child Sargon is “set in a basket of rushes” and “cast into a river” from which he is later rescued by an influential woman. “Moses” is a central literary character in the Deuteronomist revision of the Hebrew mythology that makes up their “tanakh”, which occurred in the 6th century BCE when the crafted “book of exodus” fable was composed and / or redacted, and was influenced by Neo-Assyrian legend. The following are the major superstitions of the myth of the “Moses” character.
b) The fable begins with the invented “Moses” character’s birth occurring at a time when an unnamed Egyptian Pharaoh had allegedly commanded that all male Hebrew children born be killed by drowning in the river Nile. The imagined mother of the “Moses” character allegedly set him adrift on the Nile in a raft rather than give him up to be killed. This anonymous Pharaoh’s daughter then supposedly found the “Moses” character, and ended up employing his imagined mother as the nameless Pharaoh’s nurse.
c) It was imagined that as an adult, the invented “Moses” character worked as a shepherd, claimed on one occasion to have witnessed a burning bush that was not consumed, and “heard a voice” coming from the bush, that of the invented “Yahweh”, the amalgamized “deity” of Hebrew mythology. The “Moses” character was then allegedly selected by his imagined deity and sent by his imagined deity to free his race from the Egyptians.
d) As the fable continues, the “Moses” character is claimed to have performed magic or “signs” or “miracles” to his own people as well as to the nameless Egyptian Pharaoh. In one scene of the fable, after a rivalrous competition of magic or “miracles” between the “Moses” character and the anonymous Pharaoh’s magicians, the invented “god“ of the imagined “Moses” allegedly sent a series of mythicized “plagues” that convinced the nameless Pharaoh to let the Hebrews go, allegedly culminating in the death of all first born males. The imagined “plague” allegedly “passed over” the children of the Israelites that followed a “ritual” of putting animal blood on their doorsills, while “smiting the Egyptians”.
e) The mysterious, nameless Pharaoh’s army then allegedly pursued the invented “Moses” character, and it was imagined that the “Moses” character stretched out his hand to part the Red Sea so the Hebrews could pass safely. The Egyptian soldiers of the anonymous Pharaoh attempting to follow were allegedly drowned. Do you suppose there is any Hebrew that will ever forget the name of Hitler?
f) The myth then claims that after staying on a mountain for 40 days and nights, the “Moses” character imagined and claimed to have received 10 “commandments” from his imagined deity “Yahweh”. About to deliver them to his people, the “Moses” character got angry at his people’s imagined “idolatry”, i.e., “worship” of a golden calf, so his invented deity allegedly commanded him to order his tribe to murder everyone, allegedly killing about 3,000. It’s imagined the “Moses” character unilaterally smashed the stones the “commandments” were written on. Allegedly his imaginary deity “Yahweh” ordered the imagined “Moses” to carve out replacements.
g) As the fable continues, the “Moses” character is imagined to have performed many other “miracles”, such as making a rock spew water, and ensuring his people’s military victory, provided he held a rod over his head. Some volunteers held his arms up when he became tired.
h) Allegedly followers of the “Moses” character continued to “worship” other deity, but the imagined “Moses” was able to keep the invented “Yahweh”, a “jealous deity”, from killing them. A “tabernacle” was assembled and an authoritarian “priestly tribe and law” was invented.
i) It’s then imagined his people weren’t enthused about entering Canaan, their mythicized “promised land”, as it was already occupied. So the “Moses” character claimed that his imagined deity would make them wander the desert for 40 years as punishment.
j) As the fable continues, after a “plague” that allegedly killed almost 15,000 Hebrews because they accused the “Moses” character of killing fellow Israelites, and finally ready to enter Canaan, the Israelites abandoned the idea of attacking the Canaanites head-on in Hebron, a city in the southern part of Canaan. Having been informed by spies that the Canaanites were too strong, it was decided that the Hebrews would flank Hebron by going further East, around the Dead Sea. When the “Moses” character supposedly asked the Amorites for passage and it was refused, the imagined “Moses” allegedly attacked the Amorites. As non-Hebrews, the Israelites had no reservations in attacking them. Weakened by conflict with the Moabites, the Amorites were allegedly defeated.
k) The myth then claims that the “Israelites”, now holding the territory of the Amorites just north of Moab, desired to expand their holdings by acquiring Bashan, a fertile territory north of Ammon famous for its oak trees and cattle, which was allegedly led by a king named Og. The Israelites allegedly fought with Og’s forces at Edrei, on the southern border of Bashan, where the “Israelites” were allegedly victorious, and slew every man, woman, and child of his cities and took spoil for their bounty.
l) ts then claimed that Balak, the king of Moab, having heard of the Israelites’ militarized conquests, feared that his territory might be next. Balaam, allegedly a powerful and respected “prophet”, informed Balak and the Midianites that, if they wished to overcome the Israelites for a short interval, they needed to seduce the Israelites to engage in “idolatry”. The Midianites allegedly sent beautiful women into the Israelite camp to seduce the young men to partake in “idolatry”, and the attempt proved successful. The invented ”Yahweh” character then allegedly commanded the “Moses” character to kill and hang the heads of everyone who had engaged in “idolatry”, and the imagined “Moses” ordered the judges to carry out the mass execution.
m) It is then claimed after the “Moses” character had taken a census of his people, he allegedly sent an army to avenge the perceived “evil” brought on the Israelites by the Midianites.
n) The fable ends with the “Moses” character appointing the invented “Joshua” character, “Jesus” is Greek for “Joshua”, to succeed him as leader of the Israelites. The imagined “Moses” allegedly died at the age of 120.
3) Jewish “messiah” – fable dates c. 200 BCE – 70 CE
a) The invented concept of the Jewish “messiah” evolved considerably over the first few centuries BCE and into the Common Era. The term “messiah”, the Hebrew word meaning “anointed”, does not appear in reference to an eschatological “savior-figure” in the mythology that makes up the invented Hebrew “tanakh”. The expression “the anointed one” as a technical term does not occur in any of the fables that make up the invented Hebrew “bible”. The term “anointed” was originally used to designate kings and invented “high priests”, who were “ritually anointed” with oil, and it was frequently used in the fictions that make up the invented Hebrew “bible” to refer to the reigning king. “Christ” is the Greek for “anointed”. Prolific literary fables written between the Hebrew mythology that makes up the Jewish “tanakh” and the Christian fictions that would comprise their “new testament”, known as “intertestamental” or “apocryphal”, show the evolution and refinement of the “messiah” fiction.
b) Although present in the fables of the “tanakh” or Hebrew “bible” or Christian “old testament”, the “book of Daniel” fable was fabricated during this time, in the 2nd century BCE. Modern science is unanimous in the conviction that the “Daniel” fable actually comes from the 2nd century BCE. It’s pretense of coming from the 6th century BCE is literary fiction intended to impress its readers with the “accuracy” of its alleged foreknowledge of the next several hundred years. When the “Daniel” fable refers to the 6th century BCE, it is vague and inaccurate, and its history of the years preceding its writing is full of inaccuracies. But regarding the 2nd century BCE, it becomes quite detailed and exact. The “book of Daniel” fable formed the basis for many of the ideas about the imagined Hebrew “messiah” that would make up later fictions such as the “gospel of Mark” fable. The author of this patchwork of historicized invented “oral traditions” today referred to as the “Mark” fable, not having the advantage of knowing the details of the authorship of the “Daniel” fiction, attempted to apply the fable to his own time, in an effort to understand the destruction of Jerusalem’s temple by the Romans in 70 CE. The inventor of “Mark” was not the first writer to “interpret” the “book of Daniel” fable. That distinction goes to the author of “1 Maccabees”, written c. 100 BCE. This writer tells about the Maccabean war against Antiochus IV of Syria in the 160s BCE, and correctly realized that the “Daniel” fable really did concern the 160s BCE. “1 Maccabees” is the only writing of the time that shows any historical understanding of invented “apocalyptic” literature like the “Daniel” fable. Not until the modern period of critical study did such understanding begin to dawn again. As is always the case, though the inventor of the “Daniel” fable could describe the present, he could not describe the future, for the “Daniel” character’s vision “predicts” the place of death of Antiochus IV, but gets it wrong, the final indication of its date of invention. The “Mark” fable was invented shortly after 70 CE. The inventor of the fable finds his “son of man” in “Daniel 7”, and his “abomination of desolation” in “Daniel 12”, and attempted to apply those fictions to his time. The inventor of “Mark” was a Greek-speaking non-Jew who wrote in a not very literate koine Greek. The author of “Mark” invented his fable for an audience like himself, those who mistakenly thought that the destruction of Jerusalem was the beginning of the imagined “end of the age”. The inventor of “Mark” knows just enough about Jewish customs to get them wrong, and when his “sources”, i.e., lore, legend, or untestable, non-cross-validated “oral traditions”, misquote the invented “old testament”, he fails to correct the errors. The later fables known as “Matthew” and “Luke” which used the “Mark” fable as a source, silently correct many of the inventor of “Mark’s” errors. The “Mark” fable is a collection of unconnected, confabulated fragments, sayings, and units of delusional “oral tradition”, around which time and place were invented, i.e., historicized, by the author. The inventor of “Mark” would get his timeline from the “Daniel” fiction as well, “…til the time of the end…From the time when the regular offering in the temple is abolished and the ‘abomination of desolation’ is set up, there shall be an interval of one thousand, two hundred, ninety days”. The inventor of “Daniel” is referring to the altar to Zeus that Antiochus IV established in 167 BCE. However, in the inventor of “Mark’s” eyes, the “Daniel” fable was really speaking of “Mark’s” own time, the “time of the end” when another “abomination of desolation” was set up in the Jerusalem “temple”. According to Josephus, the regular “offering” ritual ceased in July of 70 CE, the temple was burnt in August, and later that month the imperial Roman eagle was set up in the temple precincts and “sacrifice” was offered to it. In September, the temple was razed to the ground. “One thousand, two hundred, ninety days” or three and a half years later, would be early in 74 CE. The “Mark” fable was invented during this interval, 71-73 CE, and its inventor expected the coming of his imagined “son of man” in 74 CE. It should not be surprising that a 1st century CE author might try to apply the “book of Daniel” fable to the Jewish war. Josephus himself did so, he tells us, in the summer of 70 CE. The inventor of “Mark’s” imagined “messiah” is all about the here and now. There is no “resurrection” in the first “canonical” or voted on “gospel” fiction penned to paper, just an empty tomb. The final chapter of “Mark” is not present in the fable’s original fabulized manuscripts, it is a later invention, and there’s no future “second coming”. The inventor of “Mark’s” audience is meant to understand that his invented “Jesus” character would “come in the sky in power”, during their lifetimes. Invented apocalyptic predictions of “the end of this age” are necessarily self-disconfirming and always have to be reinterpreted and revised by future generations, i.e., generations that weren’t supposed to appear. The “Daniel” fable itself is a re-interpretation or revision of the fiction “Jeremiah”. The predictions that would take “weeks” in the “Jeremiah” fable were of course incorrect, so they were revised to “weeks of years” in the “Daniel” fable. However, as the “end of the age” of course did not occur in 164 BCE, the “Mark” fiction was another re-imagining or revision of the fable. The “Matthew” and “Luke” fables were invented in later generations as revisions of the “Mark” fable and were never intended to co-exist. They may be described as an unsuccessful effort to outgrow the inventor of “Mark’s” failed eschatology he attempted to adapt from the “book of Daniel” fable.
c) Hellenized Jews of the first few centuries BCE invented what is known as “intertestamental wisdom literature”, which often personifies wisdom itself. There are found in the “book of wisdom”, and other fictions of the “wisdom literature”, “wisdom” as a personification with “divine attributes”. These have long been taken by Christian exegetes as earlier references to the fictional “christ” character, who is later claimed to be the “wisdom of god” in the fables attributed to the “Paul” character. Invented works, such as those from the imagination of Philo of Alexandria (c.20 BCE—40 CE), integrated and synthesized Jewish mythology with Greek philosophy. He used the Greek term logos, “word,” for the role and function of “wisdom”, a claim later copied and adapted by the inventor of the “gospel of John” fable in the opening verses and applied to his imagined and invented “Jesus christ” character as the aggrandizing eternal “word” or “logos” of his imagined “god the father”.
d) In later years, when the Jews were a conquered and defeated people, the superstitious term “messiah” came to signify an imagined future “redeemer” who would allegedly come to free them from their “oppressors” and restore the Jewish state under a king of the line of their legendary king “David”. Indeed the Jewish historian Josephus writes about many of these would-be “messiahs” of the time, known derogatorily as zealots or bandits, who schemed to bring about revolutionary change through mob violence. Against the Roman military, none were successful. Many took the name Joshua, i.e., “Jesus” is the Greek for Joshua. The invented writings of the time were very apocalyptic. Literary myths like “1 Enoch” used the expression “son of man” for the eschatological protagonist, who is also called “righteous one”, “chosen one”, and “messiah”, and claims “his” pre-existence, “before the sun and the signs were created, before the stars of the ‘heaven’ were made, his name was named before the lord of spirits”, and claims that “from the beginning the ‘son of man’ was hidden, and the most high preserved him in the presence of his might, and revealed him to the elect ones”. It was imagined “he” would allegedly preside over the “final judgment”, pronouncing the sentence against the “unrighteous” and the “sinners” and delivering them “to the angels for the punishment”. “He” was also supposed to be “worshipped” by the “kings and the mighty”, claimed throughout the entire “book of parables” to be the “wicked”, who would beg, grovel for “his” mercy during the eschatological “judgment”. The attributes of “Isaiah 11:2-5” from the “Isaiah” fable are attached to the invented character: “in him dwells the ‘spirit’ of wisdom, and the ‘spirit’ which gives insight, and the ‘spirit’ of understanding and of might”. The invented “son of man” is often claimed to be sitting on a “throne of glory”. The inventor(s) of the “Luke” fable gets his 77 generations of ancestry for his imagined and invented “Jesus” from the “1 Enoch” fable. The Catholic Encyclopedia remarks on these fictions: “The influence of ‘Daniel’ is easily traceable here, but the figure of the ‘messiah’ is sketched much more fully, and the idea developed to a degree unparalleled in pre-Christian literature. The elect one, or ‘son of man’, existed before the sun and stars were created, and is to execute justice upon all ‘sinners’ who oppress the good. For this end there will be a ‘resurrection’ of all Israel and a ‘judgment’ in which the ‘son of man’ will render to everyone according to his deeds. Iniquity will be banished from the earth and the reign of the ‘messiah’ will be everlasting”. The “Enoch” fable also contains one of the earliest, horrifying claims of “sheol” as a “hell” of torment, preceding portions of the book having claimed the place of retribution for the “wicked” as Tartarus and Geennom.”
e) The invented “psalms of Solomon” are anti-Maccabee, a commentary against the Roman conquest of Jerusalem under Pompey in 63 BCE, metaphorically treating him as a dragon who had been sent by their invented deity to punish the Maccabees. Here the “messiah” is portrayed as of the seed of the house of “David”, who would come to overthrow the Romans after the downfall of the Hasmoneans. The Hasmoneans were the final Jewish rulers prior to Roman occupation and the compilers and editors of the mythology that makes up the invented Hebrew “tanakh” or Christian “old testament” we possess today.
f) After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, many Jews felt completely betrayed by their imagined deity, and the literary fictions of the time reflect this attitude. In “the apocalypse of Baruch”, the invented Baruch character questions his imagined deity “Jehovah” as to how “he” could let Jerusalem be destroyed and laments “Blessed is he who was not born, or he, who having been born, has died. But as for us who live, woe unto us, because we see… what has befallen Jerusalem… Would that you had ears, O earth, and that you had a heart, O dust, that you might go and announce in ‘sheol’, and say to the dead, ‘Blessed are you more than we who live’”. Similarly, the inventor(s) of “4 Ezra” asks “Why has Israel been handed over to the gentiles to our shame? Why has the people you loved been given over to ‘godless’ tribes? Why has the law of our ancestors been invalidated and the written ordinances come to nothing? Why do we pass from the world like locusts and our life like a mist? Why aren’t we ‘worthy’ to obtain mercy?”
g) From Alexander, extending from Greece to Persia, and later with the even more extensive Roman Empire, it became apparent that Jewish independence was out of the question. In the Jews imagination, their invented compensatory “messiah” necessarily took on “supernatural” qualities, as it seemed only a “cosmic act of their imaginary deity could break the vast “persecutory” empires “oppressing” them.
13. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 show 850 BCE – Asian and African continents – Arab civilization: A tribal, nomadic culture of Western Asia and North Africa, Arabs are pan-ethnicity of almost 400 million people. Before the invention of Islam, most Arabs followed an older superstition or “religion” with a number of “deities”. As the timeline points out, Arabs would eventually and overwhelmingly adopt Muhammad’s invented superstition or “religion” of Islam. Additionally, and much more recently, the Arabs invented Baha’ism.
A. Their invented god-persons
1) Muhammad – fable dates c. 600 CE
a) Muhammad claimed to be a messenger and “prophet” of his deity, and claimed by Muslims to be the last “law-bearer” in a series of Islamic “prophets”. Muslims thus claim or consider him to be the restorer of an alleged uncorrupted “original doctrine”.
b) The man named Muhammad was born in 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca. Some myths claim he was born already circumcised and detached from the umbilical cord, suggesting a superstitious “miraculous” birth.
c) He was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his grandfather, and then his uncle after his grandfather’s death. While still in his teens, Muhammad accompanied his uncle on trading journeys to Syria gaining experience in commercial trade, the only career open to Muhammad as an orphan. Islam claims that when Muhammad was either nine or twelve while accompanying the Meccans’ caravan to Syria, he met a Christian monk or hermit named Bahira who is imagined to have foreseen Muhammad’s career as an alleged “prophet” of his deity.
d) Muhammad was first married by age 25. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for monoamine, introspective “meditation” and consequently “reflection”.
e) Islam claims at the age of 40, in “the month of Ramadan”, the invented personified “angel” “Gabriel” character of Hebrew mythology “miraculously” appeared to Muhammad, and he allegedly received his first “divine vision” – essentially a monoamine mental image or visual hallucination from his imagined deity. According to Muhammad’s claims, “Gabriel” appeared to Muhammad with a written message and ordered him to read it, but Muhammad was illiterate. Three times the “angel” seized Muhammad by the throat and ordered him to read. Three times Muhammad told “Gabriel” that he could not. Muhammad was so upset by his imagination that he tried to commit suicide. His wife Khadija finally convinced Muhammad that he was his imagined deity chosen “prophet”.
f) Muhammad claimed to continue to receive more and more monoamine messages from his imagined deity which eventually were recorded in the “Qur’an”, and he invented Islam, which supposedly superseded and completed the “revelations” of all previous “prophets”. Over the years, Muhammad became a powerful military leader, defeating the claimed enemies of his invented deity and establishing an Islamic Empire.
g) Muhammad threatened anyone not submitting and subjugating themselves to him and his claims was assured “destruction” or “damnation”.
h) Islam claims Muhammad left Arabia one night on a flying horse and stopped off at Jerusalem. There Muhammad allegedly met up with the contrived Abraham, Moses, and “Jesus” characters of Hebrew and Christian mythology, where Mohammed led them in “prayers”. It is then claimed Muhammad “ascended” to “heaven” and spoke to his imagined deity who gave Muhammad instructions about “prayer” for Muhammad and his followers.
2) “The Bab” and “Baha’u’llah” – fable dates c. 1,850 CE
a) On May 23, 1,844 CE, Siyyid Alí-Muhammad of Shiraz, Iran claimed that he was “the Bab” or “the gate”, referencing his later claim to the station of Mahdi, the twelfth Imam of Shi`a Islam. His followers were therefore known as Babis. As “the Bab’s” claims spread, which the invented Islamic clergy saw as a threat, his followers came under increased persecution and torture. The conflicts escalated in several places to military sieges by the Shah’s army. “The Bab” himself was imprisoned and eventually executed in 1,850 CE. Baha’is imagine “the Bab” as the forerunner of the Baha’i “faith”, because “the Bab” in his writings, invented the concept of “he whom ‘god’ shall make manifest”, an imagined “messianic” figure whose coming, according to Baha’is, was claimed in “the scriptures” of all of the world’s major superstitions or “religions”, and whom “Baha’u’llah”, the inventor of the Baha’i superstition or “religion”, claimed to be in 1,863 CE. Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri was one of the early followers of “the Bab”, and later claimed the invented title of “Baha’u’llah”. He was arrested and imprisoned for this involvement in 1,852 CE. “Baha’u’llah” claims that in 1,853 CE, while incarcerated in the dungeon of the Siyah-Chal in Tehran, he experienced his first imaginations that he was the one “anticipated” by “the Bab”. “Baha’u’llah” is claimed to have fulfilled the invented “messianic” expectations of these “precursor faiths”. The Báb’s tomb, located in Haifa, Israel, is an important place of “pilgrimage” for Baha’is. The remains of “the Bab” were brought secretly from Iran to Israel and eventually interred in the tomb built for them in a spot specifically designated by “Baha’u’llah”.
b) On 21 April 1,863 CE, “Baha’u’llah” left Baghdad and entered the Najibiyyih gardens, now known to Baha’is as the garden of Ridvan, near Baghdad. “Baha’u’llah” and those accompanying him stayed in the garden for twelve days before departing for Constantinople. It was during this time that “Baha’u’llah” claimed to a small group of his companions his imagined mission and self-titled station as a “messenger” of his imagined deity. Baha’is regard this period with great significance and celebrate the twelve days that “Baha’u’llah” spent in this garden as the festival of Ridvan.
c) “Baha’u’llah” claimed that humanity is one single race and that the age has come for its unification in a global society, under the Baha’I superstition.
d) Shortly thereafter he was expelled from Tehran to Baghdad, then to Constantinople, and then to Adrianople. In 1,863 CE, at the time of his banishment from Baghdad to Constantinople, “Baha’u’llah” declared his claim of an imagined “divine mission” to his family and followers. Tensions then grew between him and Subh-i-Azal, the appointed leader of the Babis who did not recognize “Baha’u’llah’s” claim. Throughout the rest of his life “Baha’u’llah” gained the allegiance of most of the Babis, who came to be known as Baha’is.
e) Beginning in 1,866 CE, “Baha’u’llah” began claiming or proclaiming his imagined mission as the “messenger” of his imagined deity in letters to the world’s competing “religious” and political rulers, including “pope pius IX”, Napoleon III, and Queen Victoria.
f) In 1,868 CE “Baha’u’llah” was banished by Sultan Abdulaziz a final time to the Ottoman penal colony of Akka, in present-day Israel. Towards the end of his life, the strict and harsh confinement was gradually relaxed, and he was allowed to live in a home near Akka, while still officially a prisoner of that city. He died there in 1,892 CE.
g) “Baha’u’llah” evidently has an expiration date, i.e., Baha’is do not expect a new “manifestation” of their imagined “ god” to appear within 1,000 years of “Baha’u’llah’s” claim.
h) Baha’is regard his resting place at Bahji as the “qiblih” or direction to face to which they turn in “prayer” each day.
14. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate 500 BCE – European continent as well as conquered parts of the African and Asian continents – Roman Republic to Greco Roman civilization: The Roman Republic had begun annexing provinces in the 3rd century BCE, and by the 1st century BCE, now culturally blended with Greece, Rome established one of the largest and strongest empires of antiquity. They militarily occupied a large part of the world, including Israel. The Jews, faced with the realization that Rome had conquered their land, and believing they would never be an autonomous and independent nation again, as well as tiring of the non-appearance of the “expected messiah” of their superstition, finally invented one. There was no possibility whatsoever that the Jews would ever militarily defeat the Roman Empire, as so many human alleged “messiahs” and their “apostles” and “disciples” found out. So, modeled after these rebels, a fable was invented in which the Jews imagined and fantasized they had “magically” defeated their enemies, no longer needed a “centralized temple”, and could retain their national and “religious dignity”. Over time, Hellenized, Jewish initiates in the mystery “religions” invented and crafted the “Jesus” fable, which was evolved and refined into the literalist “Jesus” myth by those who imagined or mistakenly believed the alleged events of the “Jesus” fable to have literally happened. This resulted in the invention of literalist Christianity. Throughout time, so called “church fathers”, i.e., Justin Martyr, Irenaus, Tertullian, Eusebius, and others, revised and refined the superstitions, myths, and fables invented by the Hellenized Jews, the cynics, the mystics, and the Gnostics, to comply with their literalism, manufactured new fictions, and invented “orthodox Christianity” as we know it today. The distressed and delusional Roman emperor Constantine, claiming to have seen a “vision” and heard “voices”, i.e., hallucinatory dreams, about military conquest, claimed the invented “Jesus” character allegedly appeared to him in a dream. The so called “prince of peace” told Constantine to use the Greek Chi-Ro symbol “in his engagements with his enemies”, i.e., a monoamine, idiosyncratic, hallucinatory or subjectively self-reported claim. Emperor Constantine laid the groundwork for literalist Christianity to become the eventual state “religion”. He had the “bishops” of various warring factions to agree and vote on one doctrine, whatever it may have been. In 325 CE, at Nicaea, his attendees had the option of signing the new “religious creed”, or being exiled like criminals. A few decades later, in 380 CE, the Roman emperor Theodosius declared it illegal to practice anything but literalist Christianity or Rome’s new “universal religion”, i.e., “Catholicism”. Rome demanded one deity or emperor, one empire, and one superstition or “religion” with one “bible”. The invented “Jesus” myths, fables, and legendary personifications were now taken literally and perpetually voted upon, refined , “standardized”, politicized, and imposed militarily by government mandate. The Roman church and its superstition, i.e., literalist Christianity, spread throughout Europe and whatever parts of the world they could conquer, using whatever government ruled the day as their army.
A. INVENTED, REFINED WRITTEN SUPERSTITIONS, MYTHS AND FABLES — The Bacchae, “holy bible” or christian mythology.
B. Their invented god-persons
1) Bacchus – fable dates to c. 405 BCE
a) The Dionysus character was also known as Bacchus, the name adopted by the Romans and the emotional frenzy or hysteria the character induces, bakkheia.
b) The Bacchus characters’ thyrsus was sometimes wound with ivy and dripping with honey. It was imagined as a beneficent wand but also a weapon, and could be used to destroy those who oppose his cult and the freedoms he represents.
c) The invented Bacchus character was also claimed to be the liberator, or Eleutherios, whose wine, music and ecstatic dance allegedly freed his followers from self-conscious fear and care, and subverted the oppressive restraints of the powerful. Those who partook in the mysteries of Bacchus were allegedly “possessed” and empowered by the imagined god-person himself. The “rites” climaxed in a performance of rhythmic frenzied feats of strength and madness, such as uprooting trees, tearing a bull, the symbol of Dionysus, apart with their bare hands, an act called sparagmos, and eating its flesh raw, an act called omophagia. This latter “rite” was a “sacrament” akin to “communion” in which the participants allegedly assumed the strength and character of the “god-person” by eating the raw flesh and drinking the blood of the imagined character’s symbolic “incarnation”. Having symbolically “eaten his body” and “drunk his blood”, the celebrants became “possessed” by the imagined Dionysus.
d) The Bacchus characters’ cult was also a “cult of the souls”. The Bacchus characters’ maenads, or female followers, allegedly fed the dead through blood-offerings, and the imagined Bacchus acted as a “divine” communicant between the living and the dead.
e) Introduced into Rome c. 200 BCE from the Greek culture of southern Italy or by way of Greek-influenced Etruria, the Bacchanalia, those wild and mystic, i.e., monoamine festivals dedicated to the imagined Bacchus, were held in secret and attended by women only, in the grove of Simila, near the Aventine Hill, on March 16 and 17. Subsequently, admission to the “rites” was extended to men and hysterical celebrations took place five times a month.
f) The mystery-cult may have been seen as a threat to the political status quo. The notoriety of these festivals, where many kinds of crimes and political conspiracies were supposed to be planned, led to a decree by the Roman senate in 186 BCE. The so-called Senatus consultum de Bacchanalibus, was inscribed on a bronze tablet discovered in Calabria in 1,640 CE now in Vienna, by which the Bacchanalia were prohibited throughout all Italy except in special cases that required specific approval by the senate.
g) In spite of the severe punishment inflicted on those found in violation of this decree, the Bacchanalia survived in Southern Italy long past the repression.
h) In 405 BCE, Euripides tragedy, The Bacchae, premiered at the theater of Dionysus. The fiction is based on the mythological story of King Pentheus of Thebes and his mother Agaue, and their punishment by the “god-person” Dionysus, who is Pentheus’ cousin, for refusing to “worship” him. An actor portraying Dionysus first comes on stage to tell the audience who he is and why he decided to come to Thebes. He explains the story of his “miraculous birth”, how his mother Semele had enamored the deity Zeus, who had come down from Mount Olympus to lie with her. She became pregnant with a “divine” son. However, none of her family believed her, thinking the illicit pregnancy of the more usual libidinal sort. Hera finds out, and tricks Zeus into killing Semele as part of the familiar myth. However, Semele’s family, her sisters Agave, Autonoe, and Ino, and her father, Cadmus, still believe that Semele “blasphemously” lied about the identity of the baby’s father and that Semele died as a result. Dionysus comes to Thebes to vindicate his mother Semele. As Pentheus enters, he declares that he has heard rumors that this “new god” is driving the women to leave their homes and have criminal actions. Pentheus has absolutely no piety towards Dionysus and insults him once he is brought before Pentheus, in disguise. Pentheus does not believe in Dionysus, and even goes as far as mocking Zeus. However, his questions reveal that he is deeply interested in the Dionysiac rites, which the “stranger” refuses to reveal fully to Pentheus. This greatly angers Pentheus, who has Dionysus locked up. However, being a “god-person”, he is quickly able to break free and creates more havoc, razing the palace of Pentheus to the ground in a giant earthquake and fire. Later, Dionysus uses Pentheus’ clear desire to see the ecstatic women to convince the king to dress as a female maenad to avoid detection and go to the “rites”. When they reached Cithaeron, Pentheus wanted to climb up an evergreen tree to get a better view of the Bacchants. The blond “stranger”, Dionysus in disguise, used his “divine” power to bend the tall tree and place the king at its highest branches. However, once Pentheus was safely at the top, Dionysus called out to his followers and showed the man sitting atop the tree. This, of course, drove the Bacchants hysterically wild, and they tore the trapped Pentheus down and ripped his body apart piece by piece. After the messenger has relayed this news, Pentheus’ mother, Agave, arrived carrying the head of her son. In her “possessed” state she believed it was the head of a mountain lion, and she killed him with her “omnipotent” bare hands and pulled his head off. Agave proudly displays her son’s head to her father, believing it to be a hunting trophy. Agave is confused when Cadmus does not delight in her trophy, his face contorting in horror. By that time, however, Dionysus’ “possession” is beginning to wear off, and as Cadmus reels from the horror of his grandson’s death, Agave slowly realizes what she has done. The family is destroyed, with Agave and her sisters sent into exile. The Bacchae won first prize in the City Dionysia festival competition.
2) Serapis – fable dates to c. 325 BCE
a) Serapis was invented and devised during the 3rd century BCE on the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. The “god-person” was depicted as Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian trappings, and combined iconography from a great many cults, signifying both abundance and “resurrection”.
b) According to Plutarch’s claims, Ptolemy stole a statue from Sinope, having imagined being instructed in a dream by the unknown “god-person” to bring the statue to Alexandria where the statue was pronounced to be the imagined Serapis by two “religious experts”.
c) The invented Serapis would become wildly popular. The Roman emperor Hadrian later commented, “Those who ‘worship’ Serapis are also christians. Even those who style themselves the ‘bishops’ of ‘christ’ are devoted to Serapis. The very Patriarch himself, when he comes to Egypt, is forced by some to adore Serapis, by others to adore ‘christ’. “
d) An extravagant temple, known as the Serapeum, which also housed a portion of the library of Alexandria, was erected to the invented Serapis.
e) As depicted in art and statues, the imagined head of Serapis, as marked as the face is by a grave and pensive grandeur, later supplied the first ideas for the conventional portraits of the invented “Jesus” character.
f) The Serapis character was imagined to be primarily a healer of the sick, a “deity” who was “superior” to fate and who retained from Osiris the character of a “god” of the “underworld”.
g) The Serapeum in Alexandria, accounted as one of the wonders of the world, and drew pilgrims from far and wide seeking “miraculous” cures. Tacitus claimed, “When Vespasian was at Alexandria, many ‘miracles’ occurred, by which the particular affection and inclination of the ‘gods’ towards Vespasian was evident. A common person, a well-known blind man of Alexandria, came to the emperor, on his knees, by advice of the ‘god’ Serapis, imploring aid with tears. He begged the former to touch his eyes with his spittle. Another, who was lame in one hand, also begged, by the advice of Serapis, that the emperor would touch him with his foot. But Vespasian laughed at first, then was enraged, and feared, when they pressed him, to be called vain. But at length he was moved to hope by their ‘prayers’, or by the advice and caresses of others. At length he inquired of the physician whether such blindness and lameness were to be cured by human means. The physicians were of various opinions, and said that the power of sight was not entirely gone if the hindrances could be removed. According to Suetonius, there was no hope of cure by any means, but the emperor made the attempt before the assembly, and the result was successful. The other might regain the use of his hand if some healing power were used… that the renown would belong to the emperor, while the disgrace of failure would fall upon the sick man. Vespasian, therefore, in belief that everything was possible to his good fortune, executed the command of the oracle with a joyous countenance, before a large assembly. The lame man regained the use of his limb, and daylight appeared to the blind. The spectators were unanimous concerning the truth of the cures, and the skeptical were confounded.”, i.e., fabulized “oral tradition”
h) In 385 CE, the Christian Roman Emperor Theodosius, that would-be exterminator of competing philosophy, issued his memorable edict De Idolo Serapidis Diruendo. One of the most significant acts of competitive violence was the destruction of the gigantic Serapeum Temple complex in Alexandria, including its great library, by soldiers and local Christian citizens in 391 CE. The English historian Edward Gibbon in his work “The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire” provides the description. “Theophilus proceeded to demolish the temple of Serapis, without any other difficulties than those which he found in the weight and solidity of the materials, but these obstacles proved so insuperable that he was obliged to leave the foundations, and to content himself with reducing the edifice itself to a heap of rubbish, a part of which was soon afterwards cleared away, to make room for a ‘church’ erected in honor of the Christian ‘martyrs’. The valuable library of Alexandria was pillaged or destroyed. Near twenty years afterwards, the appearance of the empty shelves excited the regret and indignation of every spectator whose mind was not totally darkened by religious prejudice (and bigotry). The compositions of ancient genius, so many of which have irretrievably perished, might surely have been excepted from the wreck of ‘idolatry’, for the amusement and instruction of succeeding ages. Either the zeal or the avarice of the ‘archbishop’ might have been satiated with the rich spoils which were the reward of his victory. “
3) Mithras (Roman) fable dates to c. 100 BCE
a) The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery “religion” practiced in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BCE to the 4th century CE. Romans also called them Mysteries of Mithras or Mysteries of the Persians. Modern historians refer to them as Mithraism, or sometimes Roman Mithraism.
b) This renewal of interest in the Mithras character is not easily explained, and is the topic of much subjective debate. A common hypothesis is that Roman Mithraism was practically a new creation, giving the old traditional Persian ceremonies a new Platonic interpretation that enabled Mithraism to become acceptable to the Roman world. Roman Mithraism, like Iranian Mithraism, was a superstition or “religion” of loyalty toward the king.
c) When Diocletian attempted a renewal of the Roman state and superstition or “religion”, he did not forget the Mithra character. In 307 CE, in a dedication from Carnuntum, Diocletian and his colleagues dedicated an “altar” to the imagined Mithra, as the patron of the Roman Empire. However, Constantine and finally Theodosius would change that a few decades later, establishing the Roman Empire’s compulsory “universal religion”, i.e., “Catholicism”.
d) The creation of the world is the central myth of Mithraic mythology. According to their myths, their imagined sun “god” sent his messenger, the raven, to the Mithra character and ordered him to sacrifice the bull. The Mithra character executed the order reluctantly. In many reliefs or statues, the Mithras character is seen turning aside his face in sorrow. As the myth continues, at the very moment of the death of the bull, a great “miracle” happened. The white bull was metamorphosed into the moon. The cloak of Mithra was transformed into the vault of the sky, with the shining planets and fixed stars. From the tail of the bull and from his blood sprang the first ears of grain and the grape. From the genitals of the animal ran the “holy” seed which was received by a mixing bowl. Every creature on earth was shaped with an admixture of the “holy” seed. One Mithraic hymn begins, “Thou hast redeemed us too by shedding the eternal blood.” The plants and the trees were created. Day and night began to alternate, the moon started her monthly cycle, the seasons took up their round dance through the year, and thus time was created. However, awakened by the sudden light, the creatures of the dark emerged from earth. A serpent licked the bull’s blood. A scorpion tried to suck the “holy” seed from the genitals. On the reliefs, a lion often is also seen. With the bull’s death and the creation of the world, the alleged struggle between good and “evil” began. Thus is their claimed condition of man’s life. The raven symbolizes air, the lion fire, the serpent earth, and the mixing bowl water. So the four elements, i.e., air, fire, earth, and water, came into being, and from them all things were created. After the sacrifice, the Mithra character and their imagined sun “god” banqueted together, ate meat and bread, and drank wine. Then the Mithra character mounted the chariot of the sun “god” and drove with him across the ocean, through the air “ascending” to the eternal, unchanging realm of the fixed stars.
e) The mysteries of Mithras were centered on the invented “god-person” Mithras, and were popular in the Roman military.
f) Soldiers saw in the imagined struggles of the Mithra character the prototype of their daily life. They had “faith” that the imagined Mithra would ensure them victory, as well as come again from “heaven” to bring forth the dead for a “judgment”.
g) Worshippers of the Mithras character invented a complex system of seven grades of initiation, with “ritual” meals. Initiates called themselves syndexioi, or those “united by the handshake”. They met in underground temples, which survive in large numbers. The cult appears to have had its epicenter in Rome. There are characteristic depictions of the Mithras character being born from a rock, slaughtering a bull, and sharing a banquet with the imagined “god” Sol. According to the archaeologist Maarten Vermaseren, first century BCE evidence from Commagene demonstrates the “reverence paid to Mithras” but does not refer to “the mysteries”. However, the Greek biographer Plutarch, 46 – 127 CE, says that “secret mysteries… of Mithras” were practiced by the pirates of Cilicia, the coastal province in the southeast of Anatolia, who were active in the first century BCE. “They likewise offered strange sacrifices, those of Olympus I mean, and they celebrated certain secret mysteries, among which those of Mithras continue to this day, being originally instituted by them.”
h) In the colossal statuary erected by King Antiochus I, 69-34 BCE, at Mount Nemrut, the Mithras character is depicted wearing a Phrygian cap, and is seated on a throne alongside other “deities” and the king himself.
i) Interpretation of this material presents problems for historians today, due to lack of explanatory texts from Roman times, as the Roman Christian church has destroyed so much competing “religious” documentation over the centuries, anything that demonstrated the fraudulent origins of their own superstitions or “religion”. There is a profound absence of historical material on this superstition or “religion” thanks to the Christian Roman church. What else, and how much, did they destroy?
j) Mithraism is the target of much invented cleric misinformation, as its beliefs and practices were precursors of and consequently so similar to those of early Christianity.
k) Meyer argues: “Early Christianity, in general, resembles Mithraism in a number of respects—enough to make Christian apologists scramble to invent creative ‘theological’ explanations to account for the similarities.”
l) The Christian apologist Justin Martyr had written, “Wherefore also the ‘evil demons’ in mimicry have handed down that the same thing should be done in the Mysteries of Mithras. For that bread and a cup of water are in these mysteries set before the initiate with certain speeches you either know or can learn.”
m) Mithraism practiced “baptism” and believed in the remission of “sins”. Per Tertullian, “In certain mysteries, those of… Mithra, it is by baptism that members are initiated… In the Apolloinarian and Eleusinian rites they are baptized, and they imagine the result… is regeneration and remission of the penalties of their sins”, .i.e., later adopted by plagiarizing Christians.
n) Mithraism held a great festival on December 25th, Natalis Invicti, birthday of the ”invincible one”.
o) The Mithras character had a “miraculous” birth from solid rock.
p) The imagined Mithras is depicted as being surrounded by the 12 signs of the “zodiac”, sometimes portrayed as humans.
q) Ulansey argues for a “profound kinship between Mithraism and Christianity”, in that the Mithras character, like the invented “Jesus” character, was imagined to be “a being from beyond the universe”. Ulansey suggests that these two invented characters, Mithras and “Jesus”, “are to some extent both manifestations of a single deep (primal) longing in the human spirit”.
4) Proto-Paul and pseudo-Paul – fables date to c. 50 CE
a) This section deals with the evidence of the evolution of a very mentally and emotionally disturbed, ambulatory psychotic human being who was intentionally turned into a mythical legend, “proto-Paul” transitioned, fabelized into “pseudo-Paul”. The “apostle Paul” is generally claimed as a historical figure even though there is no established testable, retested, cross-validated evidence for this “Paul” character outside of the Christian mythology that makes up their invented “bible”. That being said, seven of the fourteen fictions attributed to this legend do appear from textual analysis to be written by the same person. This is considered from textual evidence only that some single individual invented those 7 fictions. This individual is referred to as “proto-Paul”, i.e., an ambulatory psychotic. In the 50s CE, “proto-Paul”, a Greco-Roman Jew, could not in any way measure up to the pedantic “standards” of the Jewish superstition or “religion”. There a few theories as to why this was, the most plausible of which is he was a latent homosexual. All his talk about “despising his members”, his body “not doing what he wants it do”, his aversion to marriage and his misogyny support this conclusion. However, whatever the reason, to this end he became involved in, and possibly was the inventor of, a highly mystery-religion like mysticism that combined elements of traditional mystery “religions” with Judaism. “Proto Paul’s” goal was essentially to re-invent Judaism so that its endless laws and restrictions, which he obviously had no ability to obey and follow, would no longer apply. Like every mystery “religion”, “Proto Paul’s” mysticism has its own invented regional god-person hero, in this case a Jewish one named Joshua, “Jesus” is the Greek for Joshua. We can legitimately refer to “proto-Paul’s” mystery “religion”-Judaism hybrid as proto-Christianity. “Proto-Paul’s” god-person “Jesus” was simply a “vision” – essentially a monoamine mental image or visual hallucination, no doubt only “seen” at the mystery “religion” ceremonies, under the influence of the spectacles. It was not until the pieced together “oral traditions” which came to be known as the ”Mark” fable was fabricated, that biographic details were invented and the fable was eventually taken literally. Over the decades and centuries, the literalist superstructure of Christianity as we know it today was invented. However, “Proto-Paul” was wildly popular with the Gnostics. This makes sense as Gnosticism was the evolution of the mystery “religions”. The Gnostics however were the condemned enemies of the literalist “church”, who would have loved nothing more than to remove all traces of “proto-Paul” from their voted on “canon”. However, due to “Proto Paul’s” popularity, that wasn’t possible. Their only choice was to flat out steal “proto-Paul” and turn him into what is referred to as “pseudo-Paul”, a literalist Christian invention. “Pseudo-Paul” is the aggrandizing “Paul” character of modern Christianity, traveling the world, immune to poison, able to withstand fire and raise the dead, who willingly takes a subservient role to the mythical literalist hero, the invented “Peter” character. Maintain an alert awareness of this sequence of events as you read the following points.
b) Crafting his fictions in the 50s CE, “proto-Paul” is the earliest writer of Christian fables we are currently aware of. “Proto Paul’s” letters predate the “canonical” or voted on “gospel” fictions by decades.
c) Of the 14 endlessly revised fictions attributed to “pseudo-Paul” by various self-ordained “church councils” over the centuries, only 7 through textual analysis appear to have been invented by “proto-Paul”. These attributed writings have a very mystical quality to them and do not mention any biographic details of the invented “Jesus” character’s life. Nor do they directly quote anything this invented “Jesus” allegedly said. It is impossible that “proto-Paul” was a contemporary of any person who the “Jesus” fables may have initially been based on, if anyone at all.
d) According to the fables that make up the Christian “new testament”, “pseudo-Paul” had an idiosyncratic, subjectively self-reported unreplicable “divine vision” – essentially a monoamine mental image or visual hallucination while traveling to Damascus, where he hallucinated “seeing” his “resurrected Jesus” character. Though “pseudo-Paul” never met this invented “Jesus”, “pseudo-Paul” took from his visual hallucination the authority to speak for his god-person. The details of the “traditional” claims of “pseudo-Paul’s” conversion are from the fabled “book of acts”, demonstrated to be a work of fiction. In “proto-Paul’s” words, his imagined and invented “Jesus” character was merely “revealed” to him. “Proto-Paul’s” invented “Jesus” was an amalgam of hallucinatory “voices”, and “visions”, under the influence of emotional hysteria, grandiose delusions, and chemical monoamine alteration, as were common in the mystery “religion” spectacles.
e) “Proto-Paul” is completely unaware of any recent, historical Joshua / “Jesus”. Although he refers to his imagined and invented “Jesus” as allegedly having been crucified, “proto-Paul” offers no details regarding the alleged event. “Proto-Paul” makes no references to this invented “Jesus” character’s teachings as claimed in the “canonical” or voted on “gospel” fictions, even when it would advance “proto-Paul’s” argument to do so.
f) It was claimed that “pseudo-Paul” performed ”magic” or “signs” or “miracles”, including raising the dead.
g) Many major points of christian theological doctrine were invented by “proto-Paul”. The invented “Jesus” character of the “canonical” or voted on “gospel” fictions had nothing to say about women being inferior and subservient to men nor doing away with any of the “old rules”. “Proto-Paul” invented the idea that alleged “salvation” is achieved by “faith” and not acts, also contradicting the claims of the “canonical” or voted on “gospel” fictions.
h) The fictions of “proto-Paul” bear all the hallmarks of a traditional mystery “religion”. Even the oldest “canonical” or voted on “gospel” fiction, imagined by the inventor(s) of the “Mark” fable, is full of allegory and parables, just like a typical mystery “religion” god-person “passion”. The early Gnostics claimed “proto-Paul” as their “great apostle”. “Proto-Paul’s” fictions spoke of levels of teaching for new members vs. the “initiated”, “words that could not be uttered”, levels or numbers of “heavens” and many other themes common to a mystery “religion”. Indeed, the “book of acts” fable appears to have been contrived with the purpose of showing the invented “Peter” character, the alleged “apostle” adopted as the hero of the literalist christian Roman church, to be “superior” to the Gnostic hero “proto-Paul” and his strange teachings or claims.
5) “Joshua” or “Jesus” – fable dates c. 70 CE
a) “Joshua” or “Jesus” is the invented “dying” and “resurrecting” god-person of the christian superstition or “religion”, the end result of the Judaized mystery “religions”.
b) Though “Jesus” is commonly imagined to be a historical character, this is due to uncritical, propagandized acceptance of the alleged “biography” claimed in christian mythology manufactured by the inventor of the “Mark” fable (details of which are outlined in the “Jewish messiah” section – 12,B,2). Outside of the crafted historicized superstitions, myths, fables, and legendary personifications that make up the invented Christian “bible”, the actual genealogical, historical, and archeological evidence for the “Jesus” character directly is non-existent. What little indirect alleged “evidence” there is consists primarily of subjective, refined referential claims to followers of the imagined “Jesus” character(s) and other various alleged “messiahs”. These references are all from the 2nd century and later:
(1) In 112 CE Pliny, the governor of Bithynia, contained in a very short passage in a correspondence to Emperor Trajan, requested clarification on how to deal with the oppositional, troublesome, and antagonistic “christians”.
(2) In 121 CE, the Roman historian Suetonius relates that in 64 CE “Punishment was inflicted on the christians”. He aptly called them a “class of men given to a new and ‘wicked’ superstition”. He also states that between 41 CE and 54 CE, the Emperor Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome as they “constantly made disturbances at the instigation of Crestus”. Crestus was a very common name of the time, and the invented “Jesus” character was never claimed to have been in Rome. There was no shortage of Jewish zealots instigating mob violence against the Empire during Roman rule.
(3) Tacitus in 112 CE, in his work Annals, writing about the fire of 64 CE, relates that Nero set up as scapegoats “the notoriously depraved christians” and, “their originator, Christus, had been executed in Tiberius’ reign by the procurator of Judea, Pontius Pilate.” However, Tacitus is clearly repeating hearsay from his own day as he gives Pilate the wrong title. Pilate was actually the “prefect” of Judea. Tacitus’ reference to “Jesus” character was likely echoing the fable being spread by Christians themselves at the time, not something he investigated and sourced independently. The writings of Tacitus can be considered as either “non-canonical” claim of the alleged execution in the Jesus fable or as useless, depending on whether the reader thinks Tacitus exercised meticulous due diligence in investigating the story before writing the passage. Tacitus is the same “historian” who attributed miracles to the Roman Emperor Vespasian. Given that we are lacking tested, objective cross-validating information, and that the passage itself provides very limited proprietary detail, a determination about Tacitus’ diligence in investigating it cannot be made. Any statement which assumes he did exercise due diligence, i.e., that what he said was based on verifiable fact, is speculative.
However, if one accepts the Annal’s claims that the “Joshua” / ”Jesus” character existed, the following points are made:
- There was an autocratic Jewish rebel named Joshua / Jesus / Christus / Crestus who founded an authoritarian “religious” movement
- He was ordered executed by a Roman prefect named Pilate
- His execution is likely what fueled the growth of the movement
However, none of the following is proven nor cross-validated:
- The man had magic or “miraculous” powers
- The biblical account is factual, i.e., tested, retested and cross-validated
- The bible is a reliable historical source
- What christians believe today is true
To someone looking for confirmation of the biblical claims, Annals might be alleged as “non-canonical” evidence of the execution of a Jewish rebel. After all, these “supernatural” fables may well have been inspired by an existing Jewish zealot(s) and / or rebel(s) and we might even call this person(s) “christ” or “Jesus”. It’s also not a stretch to believe that such a rebel would have been executed by a Roman prefect named Pilate, considering that Nero and by extension the Roman Empire would eventually openly persecute Christians. However, “non-canonical” evidence, even if thousands of definitive sources existed, would not prove anything other than that a revolutionary Jewish preacher sparked an authoritarian “religious” movement which, after it had been adapted to incorporate Greek myths, became wildly successful. It would not be evidence that any of the “supernatural” claims of the resulting “religion” are true.
4) Finally the Talmud, a Jewish text written c. 200 CE, mentions various “rabbis”, i.e., a “Yeshu” who has 5 followers with completely unrecognizable names, a “Yeshu ben Pantera”, and various other “Yeshus” including a “Yeshu the Nazarene”. However, “Yeshu” (a shortened form of Joshua) was an extraordinarily common name and could refer to any number of people. Also the Nazarenes were a Jewish religious sect and this language does not imply from“Nazareth” at all. Indeed Josephus mentions at least 10 “Jesuses”. As the scholar who unearthed these passages in the Talmud admits, they cannot be taken as proof of the invented “Jesus” character’s existence, as they are written so late. Also the “rabbis” are so vague in their chronology that they differ by as much as 200 years in the dates they assign to the various “Yeshus”.
(5) In the absence of any true verifiable, empirical evidence, there is naturally an endless stream of blatant forgeries, such as the passages interpolated into Josephus. No one prior to the 4th century CE is aware of Josephus mentioning the invented “Jesus” character, as such a mention would certainly have been seized upon. Eusebius, one of history’s most dishonest individuals, suddenly produced a version of Josephus that has him not only mentioning “Jesus”, but proclaiming him to be the imagined Jewish “messiah”. This is absurd on every level. Josephus was a pro-Roman Jew who was hated among his own people. Eusebius also forgot that Josephus believed the Emperor Vespasian to be the Jewish “messiah”. The additions were also not written in the same style as Josephus, and when removed Josephus’ original argument runs in proper sequence. Nonetheless, this forgery was used for centuries as alleged proof that the invented “Jesus” character existed.
In the end, all any of this evidence indicates is there were some people who called themselves Christians in the first few centuries CE, and they believed in some version of the “Jesus” fables. By the logic of superstitions or clerics’ doctrine, one would also have to admit that if there were Buddhists in the 4th century BCE, this is evidence that Buddha performed magic or “miracles” and was “divine” in nature. It also clearly indicates that the Christians who lived in the first few centuries of the common era couldn’t find any more evidence for a cross-validated historical “Jesus” than modern science can and were compelled to attempt to invent some, the interpolations into Josephus being the most notable. These fraudulent passages were seized upon for centuries as proof that the invented “Jesus” character existed. The empirical evidence indicates the “Jesus” fable was modeled around one and / or any number of the alleged “redeemers” or “messiahs” that were vociferously running around in Roman occupied Jerusalem of the time, took the name “Joshua”, attracted a following, and fabelized “supernatural” events were invented and applied to the character’s myth over time. The inventor(s) of the “Mark” fable, in his own way trying to salvage Judaism, assembled these disparate pieces of fictionalized “oral traditions” into a quasi-historical setting, i.e., historicized, literalizing the birth of modern Christianity.
c) The invented “Jesus” character had a “miraculous” conception: “Jesus” was claimed to have been born of a virgin.
d) The architects of Christianity, i.e., the cynics, proto-Paul, the inventors of the “Mark” fable and later, Justin Martyr, Irenaus, Tertullian, Eusebius, et. al., invented the teachings of their god-person “Jesus” from a mixture of Septuagint, i.e., the Greek translation of Hebrew mythology, poetic sayings and much ancient philosophy.
e) “Jesus” supposedly performed much “magic“ or “miracles”. The imagined “miracles” of the invented “Jesus” character, water to wine or controlling time, controlling weather, casting out “demons”, restoring sight to the blind, and raising the dead, plagiarize liberally from “god-persons” of previous civilizations, as well as ancient sages of other continents.
f) Much of the invented “Jesus” characters’ “biography” was contrived from “Septuagint prophesies” attached to the character’s myth. For example, much of the imagined “Jesus” characters’ “crucifixion” story was manufactured from the fable “Psalms 22”.
g) As in any of the mystery “religions”, the “Jesus” fable is full of allegory and secrecy, the meaning of which was privileged to the initiates of the inner mysteries of early Christianity. The invented “Jesus” character frequently spoke in “parables”, the meaning of which was withheld from those who were not initiates of “his” inner circle.
h) In the fable, the invented “Jesus” character claimed and threatened that anyone not submitting to “him” and “his” claims was assured “destruction” or “damnation”, i.e. doctrine of “doom”.
i) The various Christian fictions claim that the invented “Jesus” character will return at some point, ranging from the generation “he” allegedly lived in, to some future time, depending on which revision of the fable you reference, to “judge” the living and the dead, and establish a new Jerusalem, finally giving the Jews back their land, albeit posthumously.
15. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 indicate 200 BCE – Asian continent, Far East – Japanese civilization: The Japanese first appear in written history in the Chinese book of Han, completed in 111 CE. It concerns Chinese history from 206 BCE to 25 CE. Recorded Japanese history begins in 400 CE. Their indigenous superstition or “religion” is called Shinto. Shinto claims that certain deeds create a kind of “ritual” impurity that one should want “cleansed” for one’s own peace of mind and good fortune, rather than because impurity is “wrong”. Wrong deeds are called “impurity” or “kegare”, which is opposed to “purity” or “kiyome”. The purpose is the purification of pollution or “sins” or “tsumi” and uncleanness. These imaginations include bad luck and disease as well as guilt in the English sense. “Harae” is often referred to as the purification, but is also known as an “exorcism” to be done before “worship”. Harae often involves symbolic washing with water, or having a Shinto invented “priest” shake a large paper shaker called ōnusa or haraigashi over the object of purification. People, places, and objects can all be the object of harae. Additionally it is claimed, if anyone is injured on the grounds of a shrine, the area must be “ritually” purified. The Kami are the invented Shinto “deities”. They are claimed to reside in all things, and people allegedly interface with them at shrines. It is common for families to participate in ceremonies for children at a shrine, yet have a Buddhist funeral at the time of death. The Japanese imagined conception of an “afterlife”, however, can sometimes take a distinctly non-Buddhist turn. In old Japanese legends, it is often claimed that the dead go to a place called “Yomi”, a gloomy underground realm with a river separating the living from the dead. This imagined Yomi is very similar to the imagined mythical Greek “Hades” and Hebrew “Shoel”. They claim those who are killed without being shown gratitude for their sacrifice will hold a grudge or “urami” and become powerful and “evil” kami who seek revenge.
A) Their invented god-persons
1) Izanagi and Izanami – fable dates to c. 700 CE
a) The creation myth of Shinto is recorded in the “Kojiki”, a Japanese book of myths from 711 CE. It is a fable concerning the events leading up to and including the creation of the Japanese Islands. There are many translations of the myth with variations of complexity.
b) According to the myth the invented Izanagi-no-Mikoto and Izanami-no-Mikoto were called by all the imagined myriad “gods” and asked to help each other to create a new land which was to become Japan. They were given a spear with which they stirred the water, and when removed, water dripped from the end, and an island was created in the great nothingness.
c) The Izanagi and Izanami characters lived on this island, and created a palace, within which was a large pole. When they wished to bear offspring, they performed a “ritual” each rounding a pole, male to the left and female to the right, the female greeting the male first.
d) The Izanagi and Izanami characters had 2 children, or islands, which turned out badly and they cast them out. They decided that the “ritual” had been done incorrectly the first time. The imagined Izanagi and Izanami repeated the “ritual” but according to the “correct” laws of nature, the male spoke first. They then allegedly gave birth to the 8 perfect islands of the Japanese archipelago.
e) As the myth continues, after the islands, the Izanagi and Izanami characters gave birth to the other Kami, then the Izanami character died. The imagined Izanagi lamented the death of the Izanami character and undertook a journey to Yomi, the Japanese underworld. Quickly, the Izanagi character searched for the imagined Izanami and found her.
f) At first, the imagined Izanagi could not see the Izanami character at all for the shadows hid her appearance well. Nevertheless, the Izanagi character asked the Izanami character to return with him. The imagined Izanami spat out at him, informing the Izanagi character that he was too late.
g) The Izanami character had already eaten the food of their imagined “underworld” and was now one with the land of the dead. The imagined Izanami could no longer return to the living. The Izanagi character was shocked at this news but he refused to give in to the Izanami character’s wishes of being left to the dark embrace of the imagined Yomi.
h) While the Izanami character was sleeping, he took the comb that bound his long hair and set it alight as a torch. Under the sudden burst of light, the imagined Izanagi saw the horrid form of the once beautiful and graceful Izanami character. She was now a rotting form of flesh with maggots and foul creatures running over her ravaged body.
i) Crying out loud, the Izanagi character could no longer control his fear and started to run, intending to return to the living and abandon his death-ridden wife.
j) The imagined Izanami woke up shrieking and indignant and chased after the Izanagi character. Wild shikome, or foul women, also hunted for the frightened Izanagi character, instructed by the imagined Izanami to bring him back.
k) The Izanagi character burst out of the entrance and quickly pushed a boulder in the mouth of the “Yomotsuhirasaka”, or the cavern that was the entrance of Yomi, the Japanese underworld.
l) The Izanami character screamed from behind this impenetrable barricade and told the imagined Izanagi that if he left her she would destroy 1,000 residents of the living every day. The Izanagi character furiously replied he would give life to 1,500.
m) In another version of the myth, the Izanagi character was running with his wife out the entrance of the imagined Yomi, instructed not to look at her until out, and a step before fully out the Izanagi character looked at the Izanami character and she was decayed. Afraid, the imagined Izanagi summoned a boulder in front of the entrance. Enraged, the Izanami character cursed that she would kill 1,000 men every day, but the Izanagi character retorted that he would give life to 1,500 men every day.
16. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate 400s CE – European continent – Byzantine System, i.e., the Dark Ages: The “Dark Ages” refers to the period of scientific, intellectual, cultural, and economic darkness due to militarized religious bigotry that occurred in Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire. The Christian “religious empire” controlled all information, destroyed whatever evidence that exposed the fraudulent nature of their superstitions, myths, fables, and legendary personifications that they could get their hands on, and destroyed competing doctrines, literature, and people. They literalized and imposed their invented, inherited, evolved, and refined terms of “sins” or “transgressions”, and people lost their property, families, and lives if they didn’t submit or conform to the religious claims or doctrines, i.e., believe the superstitions, myths, legendary personifications, and doctrines of Christianity or die. People were chronically uneducated. They had no way to know the truth. Invented cleric’s success depends on an uneducated but indoctrinated populace and militarization. Those that did resist were compelled, i.e., tortured, to change their minds, or euphorically murdered. Any literature and written knowledge regarding previous and / or competing god-persons and superstitions or “religions” was burned / destroyed by the Christian church during this time. Christianity was imposed by the sword, as well as countless uneducated being coerced over the centuries, resulting in billions of members.
17. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 show 1,400 CE – North American continent – Aztec civilization: The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries CE. They were conquered by the Spanish in 1,521 CE. A polytheistic people, the Aztecs often practiced human sacrifice to “please their gods”. According to their legend, their imagined “god” Quetzalcoatl, characterized by light skin, red hair, and light eyes, was supposed to “return” to earth. This appearance is remarkably similar to European appearance, and may be why the Aztecs originally greeted the Spaniards with food, gold, and women. The Spaniards, however, approached the Aztecs with an entirely different attitude. The Spanish had a strong sense of “orthodoxy” / superiority and intended to “convert” the “secular” Aztecs to their superstition, Christianity. But their “ministering” methods were radical. The Spaniards gathered the Aztecs together and shouted the claims of their invented “gospel” fictions, oblivious to the fact that the Aztecs did not understand their language. If the Aztecs refused to fall to their knees and “repent”, the Spaniards assumed they were rejecting their superstition or “religion” and killed or enslaved the Aztecs. The Spanish Christian Catholics destroyed the Aztec temples, leaders, bodies of knowledge, and documents, forbid them to study by law, and gave them the status of minors. Is this some kind of “divine wisdom”?
A. Their invented dying and “resurrecting” god-person
1) Quetzalcoatl – fable dates to c. 900 CE, though likely earlier. Invading Christians made every attempt to destroy the history, with its superstitions or “religions”, of Mesoamerica.
a) An imagined feathered serpent “deity” has been “worshipped” by many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history. The invented feathered serpent “deity” is first documented in Teotihuacan in the first century BCE or first century CE. The earliest iconographic depiction of the invented “deity” is found on Stela 19 at the Olmec site of La Venta, depicting a serpent rising up behind a person engaged in a shamanic “ritual”. This depiction was made around 900 BCE. In the iconography of the classic period, Maya serpent imagery is also prevalent. A snake is often seen as the embodiment of the sky itself, and a vision serpent is portrayed as a shamanic helper presenting Maya kings with “visions” – essentially monoamine mental images or visual hallucinations of their imagined “underworld”. In the Postclassic period, 900 CE – 1,519 CE, the “worship” of the invented feathered serpent “deity” was based in the primary Mexican “religious” center of Cholula. It is in this period that the invented “deity” is known to have been named “Quetzalcoatl” by his Nahua followers. Among the Aztecs, whose claims or beliefs are the best-documented in the historical sources, the invented Quetzalcoatl was related to imagined “gods” of the wind, of Venus, of the dawn, of merchants, and of arts, crafts and knowledge.
b) The name Quetzalcoatl is a combination of two words, “quetzal” – a bird that had brightly colored feathers, and “coatl” – which means serpent or snake. To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as the name indicates, imagined as a feathered serpent and a flying reptile, much like a dragon. He was also imagined to be a “creator deity” having contributed essentially to the creation of mankind.
c) The Quetzalcoatl character had a “miraculous” conception. He was imagined to be a son of the virgin “goddess” character Coatlicue and as the twin brother of the Xolotl character. According to Aztec legend or superstition, the imagined Coatlicue was magically impregnated by a ball of feathers that fell on her while she was sweeping a “temple”, and subsequently gave birth.
d) The Quetzalcoatl character was often imagined as a “god” of the morning star, and his twin brother the Xolotl character was the evening star, or Venus. The Quetzalcoatl character was imagined as the inventor of books and the calendar, the giver of maize, or corn, to mankind, and sometimes as a symbol of death and “resurrection”.
e) Most Mesoamerican beliefs or claims included cycles of suns. Usually, our current time was imagined to be the fifth sun, the previous four having been destroyed by flood and fire. It was imagined that the Quetzalcoatl character went to Mictlan, the Aztec’s invented “underworld”, and allegedly created “fifth-world” mankind from the bones of the previous races, using blood from a wound in his penis to imbue the bones with new life.
f) Some Mormon “scholars” claim that the Quetzalcoatl character, who has been imagined as a white, bearded “god” who came from the sky and promised to “return”, was actually the invented “Jesus christ” character. The “book of Mormon” fable claims the invented “Jesus” character visited the American natives after the invented character’s alleged “resurrection”. Latter-day “saint” president John Taylor wrote, “The story of the life of the Mexican divinity, Quetzalcoatl, closely resembles that of the ‘savior’; so closely, indeed, that we can come to no other conclusion than that Quetzalcoatl and ‘christ’ are the same being. But the history of the former (Quetzalcoatl) has been handed down to us through an impure Lamanitish source.” Lamanites are a group that Mormons consider “heretical”.
g) One Aztec fable claims that the Quetzalcoatl character was seduced by the imagined Tezcatlipoca into becoming drunk and sleeping with a celibate invented “priestess”. In some versions of the myth she was his sister, the Quetzalpetlatl character. The imagined Quetzalcoatl then burned himself to death out of remorse, and his heart allegedly became the morning star. This is how the god-person hero of their superstition the Quetzalcoatl character allegedly became “resurrected”, “deified”, and connected to Venus.
h) According to one superstition or legend, the Quetzalcoatl character, deceived by the Tezcatlipoca character, was driven from Tula, the Toltec capital, and wandered for many years until he reached his homeland, the east coast of Mexico. There the imagined Quetzalcoatl was consumed by “divine” fire, his ashes turning into birds and his heart becoming the morning star. Another superstition has the Quetzalcoatl character sailing off to a mythical land, leaving behind the promise of his “return”. Thus, when the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés appeared in 1,519 CE, the Aztec king, Montezuma II, was easily coerced into believing that Cortés was in fact the “returning god”, the Quetzalcoatl character.
18. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 indicate 1,400 CE – South American continent – Incan civilization: The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in modern-day Peru, from 1,400 CE – 1,525 CE. In 1,529 CE, Francisco Pizarro obtained permission from the Spanish monarchy to conquer the land they called Peru. Pizarro eventually met with the Inca and their leader Atahualpa. Spanish invented “priests” who arrived with Pizzaro’s soldiers fraudulently claimed to the Inca that the disease, i.e., smallpox, decimating their people was sent from their invented Christian “god” as a punishment for the Inca’s imagined “idolatry”. Pizarro, offered Atahualpa an invented Christian “bible” and through interpreters demanded that he and his men “convert” to their superstition, Christianity. Atahualpa stated that he was no one’s vassal and asked where they got their authority. A popular but disputed legend states that his translator pointed to the book saying that it contained “god’s word” and handed it over to Atahualpa. Supposedly, when the Inca was presented with the book he shook it close to his ear and asked “Why doesn’t it speak to me?” Having literally never seen a book before, he then threw the unfamiliar object aside. Supposedly, this is what gave the Spanish a reason to attack, starting the Battle of Cajamarca on 16 November 1,532 CE. Though the historical accounts relating to these circumstances vary, the true motivations for the attack were the desire for loot and to conquer the Inca. Pizarro executed Atahualpa’s 12-man honor guard and took the Inca captive. Atahualpa was eventually forcibly “converted” to their Christian superstition, then executed. Again, “divine wisdom”?
19. Timeline evidence and Crosswalk Table No 1 demonstrate 1,500 CE – European and North American continents – Contemporary civilizations: Beginning with the Renaissance in the late middle ages, the scientific revolution of the 16th and the 17th centuries CE, and the Enlightenment in 18th century CE Europe and America, rational questioning began to occur. Empiricism, i.e., evidence-based axis of the scientific method, was used to question the invented clerics’ claims and their superstitions, myths, fables, and finite legendary personifications of all “religions”. The invented clerics’ claims were disproved using the cross-validating sciences of anthropology, historical record, paleontology, archeology, psychology, genealogy, and the tools of science, timelines, evidence-based scholarship, radiometric dating, DNA testing, textual criticism, and higher criticism, i.e., proving the lack of integrity and credibility of the religious fictions.
In the beginning of human civilization, our human ancestors possessed the same superstitious, cognitive reflex for making paired-associative, i.e., comparative observations that were formulated into assumptions, as we do today. With their human intelligence, imaginations and memories, our human ancestors mystified, “supernaturalized”, sentimentalized, and catastrophized their environment. Our human ancestors invented explanations with their human imaginations, superstitiously coming to mistaken conclusions of paired-associative observations, just like we do, i.e., “I must have caused this good thing or bad thing to happen, or some ‘all-powerful’, unseen monster and / or enemy must have caused this terrible illness or weather or earthquake or volcano or flood or fire to happen, or some invisible ‘all-powerful’ ally brought me this great harvest, successful hunt, or many children, or I’ve angered or pleased some bi-polar monster or ‘god’.” Their superstitious assumptions resulting from mistakenly assuming or linking events were formulated into superstitious rituals. They imagined, invented, and customized intricate superstitions into myths, fables, and legendary personifications with permissible or “taboo” behaviors. These superstitions in turn were formulated into “rules, rites, rituals, and sins” which became their “religious” doctrine. This was a desperate attempt for our human ancestors to understand and control others and their environment. They mystified and superstitiously personified natural phenomena with the components of our common human unconscious mind, i.e., fears, libido, Oedipal / Electra, grandiosity, obsessions, and compulsions. This led them to incorrect conclusions and imagining that human beings were at the mercy of invisible, “all-powerful supernatural” beings. Their invented “supernatural” beings or deities, like the grandiose delusions and homicidal fantasies of our common human unconscious mind, were bloodthirsty and perfectionistic. Human grandiosity led those who invented the superstitions, myths, and rituals to claim or proclaim themselves as “divine” and “superior”, i.e., “shamans” or “priests”. The original, invented prehistoric “supernatural monster” vs. “shaman” or “priest” adversarial superstition evolved and was refined, tailorized and literalized throughout human civilizations into the invented “devil” vs. “savior” or “Set” vs. “Osiris” or “Typhon” vs. “Dionysus” or “Satan” vs. “Joshua” or “Jesus” adversarial superstitions. All “religion” is the customized product of the imaginations of the subjective, idiosyncratic / self-reported “supernatural” fantasies and monoamine, hallucinatory memories of self-anointed clerics. Invented clerics are self-titled, self-serving human beings who invent superstitions of “supernatural” worlds, for their self-interest. The superstitions of the human imagination invent “supernatural” worlds or tailorized “religions”.
Why wouldn’t any deity have the wisdom to communicate information and knowledge replicably, verifiably, and timelessly, i.e., from the very beginning of human civilization, without gender, race, geography, or nationality, in a universal language and in a non-militarized manner? The superstitions or customized “religions” which self-appointed, invented clerics have created and imposed as alleged history, are fictional, wisdomless and invalid.
As the scientific evidence-based timeline demonstrates, the modern world is currently coping with the consequences of self-ordained clerics’ invented, tailorized, literalized, and propagandized “religions”. More the 200,000 years after the beginning of human civilization, in 1,200 BCE, the Hebrew society appeared in both the archeological and anthropological record and took a bit of a different approach to their superstitions. At the time, this was a most tribal, barbaric, and delusional group of people. The Hebrews completely identified with the grandiose delusions of the common human unconscious mind. They were in their own aggrandizing minds, “chosen” people, “orthodox”, their invented deity’s favorite, “blameless”, “righteous”, and “superior”. Everyone else was an enemy of their imagined “god” or “secular”, and fit to be brutally eliminated. As their “holy book” indicates, they were fanatically intolerant of other superstitions or “religions”, and for the first time in human history on a significant scale, a superstition or “religion” was literalized, militarized and imposed by the sword. Predictably, the 2 major superstitions or “religions” that evolved out of Judaism, i.e., Christianity and Islam, would adopt that same practice. Over the centuries, their fanatical elitism and intolerance of other civilizations and their superstitions or “religions”, led the Hebrews to be conquered on multiple occasions. Each time, they were convinced their “deity” would free them and give them “their land back”, as they had completely identified their sense of self with their land and especially their “temple”. As the Romans came to power, this went from unlikely to an impossibility. They revolted one time too many, and were quashed by the Roman Empire. Their land was no longer theirs, and their “temple” was no more. The Jewish superstition had to evolve if it were to survive.
Certain populations of Hebrews had been for centuries prior to the destruction of their “temple”, doing the very thing the zealots would die to try to prevent, i.e., merging with Greek and Greco-Roman society, and from these Jewish philosophers came the solution. Mystics like the Gnostics, proto-Paul and his Jewish god-person “Joshua” or “Jesus”, and a new generation of metropolitan Jews had invented the Jewish mystery religion, i.e., Christianity. The secret teachings of the mystery “religions” prefigured and literally became the doctrines of “Christianity”. To die to the lower self or “eidolon” and be “reborn” in imitation of a regional “god-person” results in “salvation”, reject living according to the urges of the “flesh”, merged with the superstitions from now conquered Judaism, as well as their expectations of a long overdue monoamine imagined “messiah”. The secret mystery “religions” are ancient. They were synthesized by the Egyptians, Greeks, Jews, and Romans, evolved into Gnosticism and eventually mutated into literalist “Christianity” by those who imagined or mistakenly believed the alleged events of the “Jesus” fable or “passion” to have actually happened. Once the literalists were in power, every effort was made by Rome’s new “universal”, i.e. “Catholic” superstition or “religion”, to destroy any and every competing doctrine, including scientists and the scientific method. It is hard to imagine larger crimes against the human race than the destruction of human evidentiary knowledge that has been carried out by Christians over the last 1,700 years. A progressing human civilization, who thousands of years ago had correctly calculated the circumference of the earth to within a few percent was obliterated. The earth was now flat and it was “heresy” to believe otherwise.
A few hundred years later, in the sands of Saudi Arabia, a man named Muhammad was born. He would eventually come to the idiosyncratic conclusion that the “god” of his monoamine “visions” both appeared and spoke to him and that his superstition or “religion”, i.e., Islam, transcended Judaism and Christianity, and superseded them both. A few other god-persons would follow here and there, inventing Sikhism and Baha’ism, but for the most part, god-persons have fallen out of fashion and people are conditioned then committed to the superstitions of their ancestors.
This is where we stand today. As a species, we’ve been deceived. In the absence of science, the paired-associative human mind mystifies. Uneducated, susceptible, and suggestible people, who by nature include children, take superstition and allegory literally. Superstition or “religion” flourishes among the less educated, as well as under manipulation and oppression. In order to succeed, invented clerics require and demand an uneducated, but indoctrinated populace. From the foregoing it is concluded that:
The information in this scientific evidence based timeline is withheld from the overwhelming majority of the human race, and denied, belittled, discounted, marginalized, and rationalized by self-appointed invented clerics of every superstition or “religion”. As children we’re taught these superstitious yarns, with all the drama of a Greek tragedy. “All-powerful” terrorizing beings and their threatening adversaries endlessly sabotaging one-another, commanding armies of “supernatural” creatures, engaged in epic, apocalyptic battle to determine our individual fates, and demanding blood, “ritual”, and scapegoats to atone for an omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient deity’s complete, total failure at creation.
Evidence based timeline reality however, is as follows. As the timeline demonstrates, every civilization down through the ages has invented “deities”, god-persons, and plagiarized superstitions or “religions” in human history, which do not prevent the global existence of the abject poor, ravenous hunger, incalculable physical diseases, mental and emotional dysfunction and disabilities, and natural disasters, i.e., these imagined “deities” are unpreventative.
Collectively, it’s time to grow up, wise up, and become rational adults. The testable, empirical facts of the origins of our species, civilizations, and superstitions need no longer be hidden from anyone. Empirical science and history has been substituted with the product of the monoamine imaginations of the subjective, hysterical, idiosyncratic / self-reported fantasies and delusions of self-anointed invented clerics. It would benefit us greatly as a species to shed the “mythology as history” edict we’ve been clinging to for the last 3,000 years.
El and Athirat’s Fabled “God” Children
(Pantheon of Canaanite Religion)
The Canaanite pantheon was conceived as a divine clan, headed by the supreme god El; the gods collectively made up the elchim. Through the centuries, the pantheon of Canaanite gods evolved, so that El and Asherah were more important in earlier times, while Baal and his consorts came to the fore in later years. Many of the Canaanite deities found their way into the Greek and Roman pantheon. For example, the characteristics of both El and Baal may be seen in Zeus, while Astart resembles Aphrodite, Anat is similar to Athena, Yam to Poseidon and Mot to Hades or Thanatos. Some of the deities listed below are mentioned only briefly in the Canaanite texts, while others are important locally or nationally–such as Chemosh–but not throughout the region. Still others, such as Moloch, are known mainly from Hebrew text Anat–goddess of war, ever-virgin sister-wife of Baal, honored as a protector, agent of vengeance and bearer of lifAsherah–early semitic Mother goddess, “Lady of the sea”, consort of El, also called Athirat, the mother of seventy gods. The following is a list of some of the seventy gods. Numbers 6 and 7 are the origin of the Abrahamic god himself, i.e., the “God” of the Hebrews, Christians and Muslims.
- Astarte–goddess of love and fertility, sometimes the consort of Baal/Hadad.
- Baalat or Baalit–the chief deity of Byblos, also identified with Astarte and Aphrodite.
- Ba’al–meaning “Lord”, god of rain, thunder and fertility, sometimes synonymous with Hadad; also used as a title prefixing the names of local deities.
- Baal-Hammon–god of fertility and renewal of the Phoenician colonies of the Western Mediterranean.Chemosh–the national god of Moab, referred to in both Moabite and Hebrew texts.
- Dagon–god of crop fertility, sometimes identified with Hadad.
- El–the chief deity, god of the sky, father of many lesser gods and ruler of the divine assembly, also worshiped by the Israelites and becomes the god of the Christians and Muslims.
- El Elyon–Special title of El as “God most High”, worshiped by the Israelite and becomes the god of the Christians and Muslims.
- Eshmun–Phoenician god of healing.
- Kathirat–a group of goddesses appearing in the Ugartic texts as divine midwives.
- Kothar–full name Kothar-wa-Khasis, the skilled, clever god of craftsmanship and weapon-making.
- Lotan–the seven-headed sea serpent or dragon, the pet of Yam or Yam’s alter ego, related to the biblical Leviathan.
- Melquart–also called Baal-Melkart, the god who is king of the city, the underworld and the cycle of vegetation in Tyre, also the patron of the Israelite queens Jezebel and Athaliah.
- Moloch–title for the god who is “king”, probably identical with Milcom and known mainly from the Hebrew Bible as the deity to whom child sacrifices were offered.
- Mot–god of the underworld, sterility, death and the waterless desert.
- Nikkal–goddess of fruit and orchards, married to Yarikh.
- Qadeshtu-the Holy One, goddess of love, also a title given to Asherah and related to the Egyptian goddess Hathor.
- Resheph–God of plague and healing.
- Shalim and Shachar–twin gods of dusk and dawn.
- Shamayim–the god of the sky or the heavens.
- Shemesh–Mesopotamian god of the sun also worshipped in Canaan, meaning “sun” in Hebrew possibly related to the hero Samson.
- Tanit–Phoenician lunar goddess, worshipped as the patron goddess at Carthage, and sometimes identified with Astarte or Anat.
- Yam–god of the sea.
- Yarikh–god of the moon, after whom the city of Jericho was named; Lord of the sickle, provider of nightly dew; married to the goddess Nikkal.
- Yahweh–the Israelite god, worshipped not only by the Hebrews but also by eastern Canaanites such as the prophet Balaam (Numbers 22) and the Shashu of Edom.
INTRODUCTION: The following bibliography is the basis for the content of both this Archeological Evidence Based Timeline of Human Civilization and Co-axial Table No. 1. Rather than proof-text specific quotes from the voluminous source material, the reader is encouraged to peruse, i.e., examine thoroughly, study and assimilate the source material in its entirety, as a thorough education can be most beneficial in undoing what clerics have imposed upon all of us. Do not take anyone’s word, including ours, i.e., kindly question everything. Your independent study can help you develop your intelligent, critical thinking skills.
1. Angus, Samuel. The Mystery Religions and Christianity, Kessinger Publishing Reprints, 1925
2. Armstrong, Karen. A History of God, Ballantine Books, 1993
3. Bullfinch, Thomas. Bulfinch’s Mythology, Various, 1870+
4. Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus, Harper Collins, 2005
5. Ferrara, Joseph W. A Method for Improving Self-Acceptance as a Component in Psychotherapy and Behavioral Change, Doctorial Dissertation – The University of Sarasota, Sarasota Florida, 1977
6. Ferrara, Joseph W. The Functioning of Immediate Verbal Feedback in Paired Associative Learning with Normals and Retardates, Masters Degree Thesis – North Texas State University, Denton Texas, 1965
7. Freke, Timothy & Peter Gandy. The Jesus Mysteries , Three Rivers Press, 1999
8. Freke, Timothy & Peter Gandy. The Laughing Jesus, Three Rivers Press, 2006
9. Galen, Luke W. Does Religious Belief Promote Prosociality? A Critical Examination, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 138, No. 5, September, 2012.
10. Hall, Manly P. The Secret Teachings of All Ages, Various, 1928
11. Helms, Randel McCraw. Who Wrote the Gospels?, Millennium Press, 1997
12. Mack, Burton L. Who Wrote the New Testament?, Harper One, 1995
13. Wells, G. A. Did Jesus Exist?, Prometheus Books, 1975, 1986
239.Carrier, Richard. On the Historicity of Jesus Why We Might Have Reason for Doubt
240.Dawkin, Richard. The God Delusion
241.Dennett, Daniel. Breaking the Spell
242.Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus
243.Goldberg, Michelle. Kingdom Coming
244.Gorenberg, Gershom. The End of Days
245.Harris, Sam. Letter to a Christian Nation
246.Jacoby, Susan. Freethinker
247.Jourard, Sidney M. The Transparent Self
248.Mackay, Charles. Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds
249.Russell, Bertrand. Why I Am Not a Christian
250.Shanks, Niall. God, the Devil and Darwin
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252.Wellis, G.A. Cutting Jesus Down to Size